The expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) was investigated in 25 melanoma patients by evaluating 34 fresh biopsy specimens. ICAM-1 in situ hybridization and immunochemistry for ICAM-1 and GM-CSF were performed. Most of the metastatic melanoma samples (12 out of 18) and a few of the primary melanoma lesions (three out of 16) showed ICAM-1 expression. The expression of ICAM-1 was significantly (P < 0.01) higher in metastatic lesions than in primary tumours. GM-CSF mRNA and protein were detected in 10 of the 18 metastatic samples and in two of the 15 primary lesions. A significantly high degree (P < 0.0002) of concordance between ICAM-1 and GM-CSF expression was observed: the samples that were negative or positive for ICAM-1 expression were correspondingly negative or positive for GM-CSF. Correlation with clinical and histological parameters was examined. The expression of both molecules in metastatic samples was found to be significantly (P < 0.001) associated with a shorter recurrence-free period. These findings, if confirmed by a wider number of patients, could suggest the prognostic value of the simultaneous, and probably co-ordinated, expression of ICAM-1 and GM-CSF. They also highlight the importance of preventive molecular and biochemical characterization of neoplastic cell cytokine receptors, specifically focusing on the particular cytokine to be used as anticancer therapy and/or as adjunct to chemotherapy.

Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) co-expression in cutaneous malignant melanoma lesions.

PESCE, GIAMPAOLA;CAFIERO, FERDINANDO;BAGNASCO, MARCELLO;SANTI, PIERLUIGI;BIANCHI, GIOVANNA
1999

Abstract

The expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) was investigated in 25 melanoma patients by evaluating 34 fresh biopsy specimens. ICAM-1 in situ hybridization and immunochemistry for ICAM-1 and GM-CSF were performed. Most of the metastatic melanoma samples (12 out of 18) and a few of the primary melanoma lesions (three out of 16) showed ICAM-1 expression. The expression of ICAM-1 was significantly (P < 0.01) higher in metastatic lesions than in primary tumours. GM-CSF mRNA and protein were detected in 10 of the 18 metastatic samples and in two of the 15 primary lesions. A significantly high degree (P < 0.0002) of concordance between ICAM-1 and GM-CSF expression was observed: the samples that were negative or positive for ICAM-1 expression were correspondingly negative or positive for GM-CSF. Correlation with clinical and histological parameters was examined. The expression of both molecules in metastatic samples was found to be significantly (P < 0.001) associated with a shorter recurrence-free period. These findings, if confirmed by a wider number of patients, could suggest the prognostic value of the simultaneous, and probably co-ordinated, expression of ICAM-1 and GM-CSF. They also highlight the importance of preventive molecular and biochemical characterization of neoplastic cell cytokine receptors, specifically focusing on the particular cytokine to be used as anticancer therapy and/or as adjunct to chemotherapy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/471654
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