The HIV-1 Tat protein is a potent chemoattractant for monocytes, We observed that Tat shows conserved amino acids corresponding to critical sequences of the chemokines, a family of molecules known for their potent ability to attract monocytes, Synthetic Tat and a peptide (CysL(24-51)) encompassing the "chemokine-like" region of Tat induced a rapid and transient Ca2+ influx in monocytes and macrophages, analogous to beta-chemokines, Both monocyte migration and Ca2+ mobilization were pertussis toxin sensitive and cholera toxin insensitive. Cross-desensitization studies indicated that Tat shares receptors with MCP-1, MCP-3, and eotaxin, Tat was able to displace binding of beta-chemokines from the beta-chemokine receptors CCR2 and CCR3, but not CCR1, CCR4, and CCR5, Direct receptor binding experiments with the CysL(24-51) peptide confirmed binding to cells transfected with CCR2 and CCR3. HIV-1 Tat appears to mimic beta-chemokine features, which may serve to locally recruit chemokine receptor-expressing monocytes/macrophages toward HIV producing cells and facilitate activation and infection.

HIV-1 Tat protein mimicry of chemokines

ALUIGI, MARIA GRAZIA;
1998-01-01

Abstract

The HIV-1 Tat protein is a potent chemoattractant for monocytes, We observed that Tat shows conserved amino acids corresponding to critical sequences of the chemokines, a family of molecules known for their potent ability to attract monocytes, Synthetic Tat and a peptide (CysL(24-51)) encompassing the "chemokine-like" region of Tat induced a rapid and transient Ca2+ influx in monocytes and macrophages, analogous to beta-chemokines, Both monocyte migration and Ca2+ mobilization were pertussis toxin sensitive and cholera toxin insensitive. Cross-desensitization studies indicated that Tat shares receptors with MCP-1, MCP-3, and eotaxin, Tat was able to displace binding of beta-chemokines from the beta-chemokine receptors CCR2 and CCR3, but not CCR1, CCR4, and CCR5, Direct receptor binding experiments with the CysL(24-51) peptide confirmed binding to cells transfected with CCR2 and CCR3. HIV-1 Tat appears to mimic beta-chemokine features, which may serve to locally recruit chemokine receptor-expressing monocytes/macrophages toward HIV producing cells and facilitate activation and infection.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/388510
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