The ageing process of general population implies new socio-sanitary problems. Indications for surgical intervention have been modified and enhanced. As far as elective surgery is concerned, the results in elderly subjects do not seem alarming, whereas less satisfactory results have been registered in the patients who underwent an emergency surgical intervention, where nowadays morbidity and mortality still turn out to be high. The Authors have reported their experience of emergency surgery in the geriatric patient. From 1982 to 2002, 718 pts (361 males, 50.3% and 357 females, 49.7%; average age 50 yrs, range 5-92) underwent emergency surgical interventions for abdominal lesions. The pts were subdivided in two groups: group A (> 65 years; 190 pts, 87 males and 103 females; average age 72 yrs, range 66-92); control group B (<65 years; 528 pts, 274 males and 254 females; average age 43 yrs, range 5-65). The results were assessed in terms of morbidity and of the operative and post-operative mortality. Postoperative morbidity proved to be equal to 25.7% (36.3% in the group A, 21.9% in the group B), while intraoperative mortality equal to 0.27%. Postoperative mortality resulted equal to 12.1% (significantly higher in group A pts -- 16.8%- than in group B pts --10.4%). The mortality of the 190 pts belonging to group A was higher in the pts which were presenting respectively 1, 2, 3 or more concomitant diseases. The progressive percentage increase in the number of interventions on elderly pts not only can be due to the demographic increase of old people, but it can also be linked to a change in the surgeon's attitude. At the present time, while elective geriatric surgery implies an acceptable mortality rate (5-8 %), emergency geriatric surgery has not notably modified the prognosis in the last decades and mortality has turned out to be still high (20-30%). We think that it will be possible to obtain better results through geriatric surgery only by reducing emergency interventions as much as possible. In order to do so, it will be important to insist on intervening before the illness, during its natural evolution, requires actions which cannot be postponed. This would lead to positive results not only in terms of mortality and morbidity, which are still considered as the main targets, but also as far as the period of the stay in hospital and costs are concerned.

Abdominal emergency surgery in the geriatric patients. Our experience / Fornaro R.; Stabilini C.; Picori E.; Frascio M.; Ricci B.; Canaletti M.; Monteleone L.; Davini M.D.; Gianetta E.. - In: IL GIORNALE DI CHIRURGIA. - ISSN 0391-9005. - STAMPA. - 27(4)(2006), pp. 137-144.

Abdominal emergency surgery in the geriatric patients. Our experience

FORNARO, ROSARIO;STABILINI, CESARE;FRASCIO, MARCO;GIANETTA, EZIO
2006

Abstract

The ageing process of general population implies new socio-sanitary problems. Indications for surgical intervention have been modified and enhanced. As far as elective surgery is concerned, the results in elderly subjects do not seem alarming, whereas less satisfactory results have been registered in the patients who underwent an emergency surgical intervention, where nowadays morbidity and mortality still turn out to be high. The Authors have reported their experience of emergency surgery in the geriatric patient. From 1982 to 2002, 718 pts (361 males, 50.3% and 357 females, 49.7%; average age 50 yrs, range 5-92) underwent emergency surgical interventions for abdominal lesions. The pts were subdivided in two groups: group A (> 65 years; 190 pts, 87 males and 103 females; average age 72 yrs, range 66-92); control group B (<65 years; 528 pts, 274 males and 254 females; average age 43 yrs, range 5-65). The results were assessed in terms of morbidity and of the operative and post-operative mortality. Postoperative morbidity proved to be equal to 25.7% (36.3% in the group A, 21.9% in the group B), while intraoperative mortality equal to 0.27%. Postoperative mortality resulted equal to 12.1% (significantly higher in group A pts -- 16.8%- than in group B pts --10.4%). The mortality of the 190 pts belonging to group A was higher in the pts which were presenting respectively 1, 2, 3 or more concomitant diseases. The progressive percentage increase in the number of interventions on elderly pts not only can be due to the demographic increase of old people, but it can also be linked to a change in the surgeon's attitude. At the present time, while elective geriatric surgery implies an acceptable mortality rate (5-8 %), emergency geriatric surgery has not notably modified the prognosis in the last decades and mortality has turned out to be still high (20-30%). We think that it will be possible to obtain better results through geriatric surgery only by reducing emergency interventions as much as possible. In order to do so, it will be important to insist on intervening before the illness, during its natural evolution, requires actions which cannot be postponed. This would lead to positive results not only in terms of mortality and morbidity, which are still considered as the main targets, but also as far as the period of the stay in hospital and costs are concerned.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/386692
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