The pathological form of prion protein (PrPSc), as other amyloidogenic proteins, causes a marked increase of membrane permeability. PrPSc extracted from infected Syrian hamster brains induces a considerable change in membrane ionic conductance, although the contribution of this interaction to the molecular mechanism of neurodegeneration process is still controversial. We previously showed that the human PrP fragment 90–231 (hPrP90–231) increases ionic conductance across artificial lipid bilayer, in a calcium-dependent manner, producing an alteration similar to that observed for PrPSc. In the present study we demonstrate that hPrP90–231, pre-incubated with 10 mM Ca++ and then re-suspended in physiological external solution increases not only membrane conductance but neurotoxicity as well. Furthermore we show the existence of a direct link between these two effects as demonstrated by a highly statistically significant correlation in several experimental conditions. A similar correlation between increased membrane conductance and cell degeneration has been observed assaying hPrP90–231 bearing pathogenic mutations (D202N and E200K). We also report that Ca++ binding to hPrP90–231 induces a conformational change based on an alteration of secondary structure characterized by loss of alpha-helix content causing hydrophobic amino acid exposure and proteinase K resistance. These features, either acquired after controlled thermal denaturation or induced by D202N and E200K mutations were previously identified as responsible for hPrP90–231 cytotoxicity. Finally, by in silico structural analysis, we propose that Ca++ binding to hPrP90–231 modifies amino acid orientation, in the same way induced by E200K mutation, thus suggesting a pathway for the structural alterations responsible of PrP neurotoxicity.
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|Titolo:||Calcium binding promotes Prion Protein fragment 90-231 conformational change toward a membrane destabilizing and cytotoxic structure|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Citazione:||Calcium binding promotes Prion Protein fragment 90-231 conformational change toward a membrane destabilizing and cytotoxic structure / Sorrentino, S.; Bucciarelli, T.; Corsaro, Alessandro; Tosatto, A.; THELLUNG DE COURTELARY, Stefano; Villa, Valentina; Schininà, M. E.; Maras, B.; Galeno, R.; Scotti, L.; Creati, F.; Marrone, A.; Re, N.; Aceto, A.; Florio, Tullio; Mazzanti, M.. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - ELETTRONICO. - 7, art n.e0038314(2012), pp. 1-15.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|