The results of an experimental study concerning the thermodynamic stability of the Yb germanides, described as intermediate valence compounds, complemented by a computational investigation for the Yb3Ge5 compound are reported. These compounds belong to the rare earth (RE) tetrelides (tetrel = Si, Ge, i.e., group 14 elements), a class of intermetallic materials showing unusual and promising physical properties (giant magnetocaloric effect, magnetostriction, and magnetoresistence). The high-temperature decomposition reactions of the Yb-Ge intermediate phases were studied experimentally by means of the KEMS (Knudsen effusion mass spectrometry) and KEWL (Knudsen effusion weight loss) techniques. From the reaction enthalpies derived by measuring the Yb(g) decomposition pressures as a function of temperature, the heats of formation of five out of six of the intermediate phases in the Yb-Ge system were calculated. From the computational side, the stability of the Yb 3Ge5(s) compound has been investigated by DFT-LCAO-B3LYP (density functional theory-linear combination of atomic orbitals-hybrid b3lyp exchange-correlation functional) first principles calculations deriving its equilibrium geometry and the enthalpy of formation at 0 K in relation to the intermediate valence state of Yb in the lattice.

Energetics and thermodynamic stability of the mixed valence ytterbium germanides

PALENZONA, ANDREA;PANI, MARCELLA
2007

Abstract

The results of an experimental study concerning the thermodynamic stability of the Yb germanides, described as intermediate valence compounds, complemented by a computational investigation for the Yb3Ge5 compound are reported. These compounds belong to the rare earth (RE) tetrelides (tetrel = Si, Ge, i.e., group 14 elements), a class of intermetallic materials showing unusual and promising physical properties (giant magnetocaloric effect, magnetostriction, and magnetoresistence). The high-temperature decomposition reactions of the Yb-Ge intermediate phases were studied experimentally by means of the KEMS (Knudsen effusion mass spectrometry) and KEWL (Knudsen effusion weight loss) techniques. From the reaction enthalpies derived by measuring the Yb(g) decomposition pressures as a function of temperature, the heats of formation of five out of six of the intermediate phases in the Yb-Ge system were calculated. From the computational side, the stability of the Yb 3Ge5(s) compound has been investigated by DFT-LCAO-B3LYP (density functional theory-linear combination of atomic orbitals-hybrid b3lyp exchange-correlation functional) first principles calculations deriving its equilibrium geometry and the enthalpy of formation at 0 K in relation to the intermediate valence state of Yb in the lattice.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/333142
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