OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the possible correlation between otitis media with effusion, bad sucking habits and atypical swallowing in children affected by otitis media with effusion. METHODS: 65 children, aged from 7 to 12 years, observed in the ENT Department of the "La Sapienza" University of Rome, were enrolled in the study group (group A). All children were affected by otitis media with effusion for more than 3 months. As control group, 60 healthy children, aged from 7 to 12 years were identified (group B). All the children underwent medical history, with evaluation of the sucking habits, ENT examination, tympanometry, orthodontic examination and evaluation of swallowing. In the orthodontic examination the variables analyzed were: maximum mouth opening, right and left mandibular lateral movements and mandibular protrusion. Atypical swallowing was considered to occur when lip activity produced strong tension in the perioral musculature, and/or the tip of the tongue was placed or pushed against the anterior teeth during swallowing. RESULTS: In the group A, atypical swallowing was found in 33/65 subjects out of the 65 children (50.7%). In the control group (group B) 16/60 children (26.6%) showed atypical swallowing. Compared with group B, deleterious sucking habits were significantly higher (p<0.05) in the study group (28/65 vs. 12/60). In both the study and control group, deleterious sucking habits were present in almost all children with atypical swallowing (28/33 in group A and 12/16 in group B). CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest a correlation between otitis media with effusion, deleterious sucking habits and prevalence of atypical swallowing.
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|Titolo:||Deleterious sucking habits and atypical swallowing in children with otitis media with effusion|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|