Recent data indicate that PPARγ (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ ) could be involved in the modulation of the amyloid cascade causing Alzheimer’s disease. In the present study we show that PPARγ overexpression in cultured cells dramatically reduced Aβ (amyloid-β) secretion, affecting the expression of the APP (Aβ precursor protein) at a post-transcriptional level. APP down-regulation did not involve the pathway of the secretases and correlated with a significant induction of APP ubiquitination. Additionally, we demonstrate that PPARγ was able to protect the cells from H2O2-induced necrosis by decreasing Aβ secretion. Taken together, our results indicate a novel mechanism at the basis of the neuroprotection shown by PPARγ agonists and an additional pathogenic role for Aβ accumulation.

Role of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma in amyloid precursor protein processing and amyloid beta-mediated cell death

MARINARI, UMBERTO;PRONZATO, MARIA ADELAIDE;RICCIARELLI, ROBERTA
2005

Abstract

Recent data indicate that PPARγ (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ ) could be involved in the modulation of the amyloid cascade causing Alzheimer’s disease. In the present study we show that PPARγ overexpression in cultured cells dramatically reduced Aβ (amyloid-β) secretion, affecting the expression of the APP (Aβ precursor protein) at a post-transcriptional level. APP down-regulation did not involve the pathway of the secretases and correlated with a significant induction of APP ubiquitination. Additionally, we demonstrate that PPARγ was able to protect the cells from H2O2-induced necrosis by decreasing Aβ secretion. Taken together, our results indicate a novel mechanism at the basis of the neuroprotection shown by PPARγ agonists and an additional pathogenic role for Aβ accumulation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/276484
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