Background and aims. Multichannel intraluminal impedance combined with pH-metry is a novel technique for studying gastro-oesophageal reflux. As refluxes are particularly frequent after meals, we carried out this study in order to assess the impact of a Mediterranean diet on normal values of impedancemetry. Methods. Twenty-five Italian healthy subjects (13 men, median age 29 years, range 22-67 years) without reflux symptoms were recruited for this study. They underwent oesophageal 24-h impedance + pH-metry. A Mediterranean diet was given to all subjects on the day of examination and its total energy intake was 9668.5 kJ (2300 kcal). Results. A total of 1518 refluxes were recorded during 24 h with more upright than recumbent episodes (median 15 versus 0; p < 0.01). The median total acid exposure time was 0.5% (range 0-4.2%). Acid and weakly acidic refluxes were equally reported (49% versus 51%). Weakly acidic episodes were more frequent than acid ones during 1-h postprandial periods (68% versus 32%; p < 0.0001). Liquid-only and mixed refluxes reached the proximal oesophagus (15 cm above lower oesophageal sphincter) in 42.6% of cases. Median acid clearing time was longer than median bolus clearing time (28 s versus 12 s; p < 0.01). Conclusions. This study provides normal values of pH-impedancemetry in Italian people eating a Mediterranean diet and are suitable for comparative pathophysiological investigations on reflux patients who have dietary habits similar to those of our country. (c) 2006 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Normal values of 24-h ambulatory intraluminal impedance combined with pH-metry in subjects eating a Mediterranean diet.

ZENTILIN, PATRIZIA;DULBECCO, PIETRO;SAVARINO, VINCENZO
2006-01-01

Abstract

Background and aims. Multichannel intraluminal impedance combined with pH-metry is a novel technique for studying gastro-oesophageal reflux. As refluxes are particularly frequent after meals, we carried out this study in order to assess the impact of a Mediterranean diet on normal values of impedancemetry. Methods. Twenty-five Italian healthy subjects (13 men, median age 29 years, range 22-67 years) without reflux symptoms were recruited for this study. They underwent oesophageal 24-h impedance + pH-metry. A Mediterranean diet was given to all subjects on the day of examination and its total energy intake was 9668.5 kJ (2300 kcal). Results. A total of 1518 refluxes were recorded during 24 h with more upright than recumbent episodes (median 15 versus 0; p < 0.01). The median total acid exposure time was 0.5% (range 0-4.2%). Acid and weakly acidic refluxes were equally reported (49% versus 51%). Weakly acidic episodes were more frequent than acid ones during 1-h postprandial periods (68% versus 32%; p < 0.0001). Liquid-only and mixed refluxes reached the proximal oesophagus (15 cm above lower oesophageal sphincter) in 42.6% of cases. Median acid clearing time was longer than median bolus clearing time (28 s versus 12 s; p < 0.01). Conclusions. This study provides normal values of pH-impedancemetry in Italian people eating a Mediterranean diet and are suitable for comparative pathophysiological investigations on reflux patients who have dietary habits similar to those of our country. (c) 2006 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/276131
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