Recent data depict membranes as the main sites where proteins/peptides are recruited and concentrated, misfold, and nucleate amyloids; at the same time, membranes are considered key triggers of amyloid toxicity. The N-terminal domain of the prokaryotic hydrogenase maturation factor HypF (HypF-N) in 30% trifluoroethanol undergoes a complex path of fibrillation starting with initial 2-3-nm oligomers and culminating with the appearance of mature fibrils. Oligomers are highly cytotoxic and permeabilize lipid membranes, both biological and synthetic. In this article, we report an in-depth study aimed at providing information on the surface activity of HypF-N and its interaction with synthetic membranes of different lipid composition, either in the native conformation or as amyloid oligomers or fibrils. Like other amyloidogenic peptides, the natively folded HypF-N forms stable films at the air/water interface and inserts into synthetic phospholipid bilayers with effciencies depending on the type of phospholipid. In addition, HypF-N prefibrillar aggregates interact with, insert into, and disassemble supported phospholipid bilayers similarly to other amyloidogenic peptides. These results support the idea that, at least in most cases, early amyloid aggregates of different peptides and proteins produce similar effects on the integrity of membrane assembly and hence on cell viability.
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|Titolo:||Natively folded HypF-N and its early amyloid aggregates interact with phospholipid monolayers and destabilize supported lipid bilayers|
|Autori interni:||RELINI, ANNALISA|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|