In early HIV-1 infection, V delta 1 T lymphocytes are increased in peripheral blood and this is related to chemokine receptor expression, chemokine response, and recirculation. Herein we show that, at variance with healthy donors, in HIV-1-infected patients ex vivo-isolated V delta 1 T cells display cytoplasmic interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma). Interestingly, these cells coexpress cytoplasmic interleukin-17 (IL-17), and bear the CD27 surface marker of the memory T-cell subset. V delta 1 T cells, isolated from either patients or healthy donors, can proliferate and produce IFN-gamma and IL-17 in response to Candida albicans in vitro, whereas V delta 2 T cells respond with proliferation and IFN-gamma/IL-17 production to mycobacterial or phosphate antigens. These IFN-gamma/IL-17 double-producer gamma delta T cells express the Th17 RORC and the Th1 TXB21 transcription factors and bear the CCR7 homing receptor and the CD161 molecule that are involved in gamma delta T-cell transendothelial migration. Moreover, V delta 1 T cells responding to C albicans express the chemokine receptors CCR4 and CCR6. This specifically equipped circulating memory gamma delta T-cell population might play an important role in the control of HIV-1 spreading and in the defense against opportunistic infections, possibly contributing to compensate for the impairment of CD4(+) T cells.

Vdelta1 T lymphocytes producing IFN-gamma and IL-17 are expanded in HIV-1-infected patients and respond to Candida albicans

FENOGLIO, DANIELA;CATELLANI S;BATTAGLIA F;FERRERA, ALESSANDRA;MURDACA, GIUSEPPE;
2009-01-01

Abstract

In early HIV-1 infection, V delta 1 T lymphocytes are increased in peripheral blood and this is related to chemokine receptor expression, chemokine response, and recirculation. Herein we show that, at variance with healthy donors, in HIV-1-infected patients ex vivo-isolated V delta 1 T cells display cytoplasmic interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma). Interestingly, these cells coexpress cytoplasmic interleukin-17 (IL-17), and bear the CD27 surface marker of the memory T-cell subset. V delta 1 T cells, isolated from either patients or healthy donors, can proliferate and produce IFN-gamma and IL-17 in response to Candida albicans in vitro, whereas V delta 2 T cells respond with proliferation and IFN-gamma/IL-17 production to mycobacterial or phosphate antigens. These IFN-gamma/IL-17 double-producer gamma delta T cells express the Th17 RORC and the Th1 TXB21 transcription factors and bear the CCR7 homing receptor and the CD161 molecule that are involved in gamma delta T-cell transendothelial migration. Moreover, V delta 1 T cells responding to C albicans express the chemokine receptors CCR4 and CCR6. This specifically equipped circulating memory gamma delta T-cell population might play an important role in the control of HIV-1 spreading and in the defense against opportunistic infections, possibly contributing to compensate for the impairment of CD4(+) T cells.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/229001
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