During the sliding of an atomic force microscope (AFM) tip on a rough hydrophilic surface, water capillary bridges form between the tip and the asperities of the sample surface. These water bridges give rise to capillary and friction forces. We show that the capillary force increases with the normal load following a 2/3 power law. We trace back this behavior to the load induced change of the tip-surface contact area which determines the number of asperities where the bridges can form. An analytical relationship is derived which fully explains the observed interplay between humidity, velocity, and normal load in nanoscopic friction.

2/3 power law dependence of capillary force on normal load in nanoscopic friction

BORAGNO, CORRADO;
2004

Abstract

During the sliding of an atomic force microscope (AFM) tip on a rough hydrophilic surface, water capillary bridges form between the tip and the asperities of the sample surface. These water bridges give rise to capillary and friction forces. We show that the capillary force increases with the normal load following a 2/3 power law. We trace back this behavior to the load induced change of the tip-surface contact area which determines the number of asperities where the bridges can form. An analytical relationship is derived which fully explains the observed interplay between humidity, velocity, and normal load in nanoscopic friction.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/210199
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 40
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 38
social impact