After a brief review of modern techniques for correct diagnosis and therapy of bile duct pathology, a personal series of 955 operations (between 1-XI-1972 and 30-X-1975) is presented. The need for routine peroperative control of VBP and the usefulness of respecting the papilla where it is anatomo-functionally undamaged are stressed. Personal experience shows that the most rational methodology is after papillotomy the application of a prepapillary Kehr incision through a choledochotomy because this presents fewer complications than the transpapillary Kehr incision in calculosis or stenosis of the VBP where bile duct suture is not advisable. With regard to bilio-digestive anastomosis, indications and limitations are discussed and it is suggested that where the patient's general and local states permit, choledochojejunal anastomosis should permit, choledochojejunal anastomosis should be used, with choledocho-duodenostomy only in special cases. Cholecysto-gastro and cholecystoduodenostomy should be reserved for patients in very serious conditions.
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