The bipolar lipid fractions extracted from the thermophilic archaeobacterium Sulfolobus solfataricus have different chemical structures and geometrical shapes. The conditions which lead to the formation of vesicles were investigated in order to study the self-assembly of these molecules. Such conditions are fulfilled when an appropriate mixture of two different molecular species (both bipolar or bipolar and monopolar) is used. According to the theory introduced by Israelachvili and co-workers, lipid self-assembly results from the balance of interaction free energy, entropy and molecular geometry. We have shown that this theory can be extended to bipolar lipids, in spite of their more complex nature, and the experimental results obtained combining H-1-NMR, light scattering and entrapped volume techniques closely match theoretical expectations. To carry out calculations, it was necessary to introduce hypotheses about the disposition of bipolar molecules in the vesicle membrane. These hypotheses have been tested indirectly by measuring the transport properties mediated by carriers or channels, whose transport mechanism can be considered to be a probe of the membrane structure.

Molecular packing parameters of bipolar lipids

RELINI, ANNALISA;GLIOZZI, ALESSANDRA
1992

Abstract

The bipolar lipid fractions extracted from the thermophilic archaeobacterium Sulfolobus solfataricus have different chemical structures and geometrical shapes. The conditions which lead to the formation of vesicles were investigated in order to study the self-assembly of these molecules. Such conditions are fulfilled when an appropriate mixture of two different molecular species (both bipolar or bipolar and monopolar) is used. According to the theory introduced by Israelachvili and co-workers, lipid self-assembly results from the balance of interaction free energy, entropy and molecular geometry. We have shown that this theory can be extended to bipolar lipids, in spite of their more complex nature, and the experimental results obtained combining H-1-NMR, light scattering and entrapped volume techniques closely match theoretical expectations. To carry out calculations, it was necessary to introduce hypotheses about the disposition of bipolar molecules in the vesicle membrane. These hypotheses have been tested indirectly by measuring the transport properties mediated by carriers or channels, whose transport mechanism can be considered to be a probe of the membrane structure.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/190714
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