Higher nurse-to-patient ratios are associated with poor patient care and adverse nurse outcomes, including emotional exhaustion and intention to leave. We examined the effect of nurses’ intention to leave and nurse-patient workload on in-hospital patient mortality in Italy. A multicentered descriptive and regression study using clinical data of patients aged 50 years or older with a hospital stay of at least two days admitted to surgical wards linked with nurse variables including workload and education levels, work environment, job satisfaction, intention to leave, nurses’ perception of quality and safety of care, and emotional exhaustion. The final dataset included 15 hospitals, 1046 nurses, and 37,494 patients. A 10 % increase in intention to leave and an increase of one unit in nurse-patient workload increased likelihood of inpatient hospital mortality by 14 % (odds ratio 1.14; 1.02–1.27 95 % CI) and 3.4 % (odds ratio 1.03; 1.00–1.06 95 % CI), respectively. No other studies have reported a significant association between intention to leave and patient mortality. To improve patient outcomes, the healthcare system in Italy needs to implement policies on safe human resources policy stewardship, leadership, and governance to ensure nurse wellbeing, higher levels of safety, and quality nursing care.

Nurses’ intention to leave, nurse workload and in-hospital patient mortality in Italy: A descriptive and regression study

Catania G.;Zanini M.;Aleo G.;Sasso L.;Bagnasco A.
2024-01-01

Abstract

Higher nurse-to-patient ratios are associated with poor patient care and adverse nurse outcomes, including emotional exhaustion and intention to leave. We examined the effect of nurses’ intention to leave and nurse-patient workload on in-hospital patient mortality in Italy. A multicentered descriptive and regression study using clinical data of patients aged 50 years or older with a hospital stay of at least two days admitted to surgical wards linked with nurse variables including workload and education levels, work environment, job satisfaction, intention to leave, nurses’ perception of quality and safety of care, and emotional exhaustion. The final dataset included 15 hospitals, 1046 nurses, and 37,494 patients. A 10 % increase in intention to leave and an increase of one unit in nurse-patient workload increased likelihood of inpatient hospital mortality by 14 % (odds ratio 1.14; 1.02–1.27 95 % CI) and 3.4 % (odds ratio 1.03; 1.00–1.06 95 % CI), respectively. No other studies have reported a significant association between intention to leave and patient mortality. To improve patient outcomes, the healthcare system in Italy needs to implement policies on safe human resources policy stewardship, leadership, and governance to ensure nurse wellbeing, higher levels of safety, and quality nursing care.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1170138
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