Hydrogen production from water electrolysis, hydrogen fuel cells and redox flow batteries are the right approach for the renewable energy sector because the electricity generated by solar, wind, photovoltaic, hydroelectric can be managed with a carbon-free approach. These technologies all have in common one fundamental component: the membrane. Different types of membranes have been developed for both cationic and anionic exchange, and recently, research activity focalized on improving their performances is very fervent. One fundamental characteristic of a membrane is its Ion Exchange Capacity (IEC), i.e. the density of charged functionalizing groups. Within our research project NEMESI, funded by EU-PNRR (ID: RSH2B_000002), and dedicated to Anion Exchange Membrane Water Electrolysis, we studied and validated a novel alternative method to measure IEC. The present titration methods have limitations for the need of dedicated hardware or qualitative inspection of their color-turning endpoint. The proposed method, based on the redox titration of potassium ferricyanide with ascorbic acid, allows a quantitative and independent assessment based on both potentiometric and spectrophotometric measurements, along with the usually adopted visual observation, as the yellow-colored ferricyanide is reduced to colorless ferrocyanide. Moreover, if compared to the classical Mohr titration with silver nitrate, the new method can be carried out at variable ferricyanide concentrations during the addition of the ascorbic acid, so a complete curve of the redox reaction can be constructed: the initial ferricyanide ion load of the membrane (IEC) can thus be derived in a more precise way than with a single-point evaluation. Only one Ag/AgCl reference electrode and a platinum working electrode are required without any power supply/potentiostat. The proposed method was validated using Anion Exchange Membranes with known IEC.

A novel method for Ion Exchange Capacity characterization applied to Anion Exchange Membranes for Water Electrolysers

Moranda, Arianna;Paladino, Ombretta
2023-01-01

Abstract

Hydrogen production from water electrolysis, hydrogen fuel cells and redox flow batteries are the right approach for the renewable energy sector because the electricity generated by solar, wind, photovoltaic, hydroelectric can be managed with a carbon-free approach. These technologies all have in common one fundamental component: the membrane. Different types of membranes have been developed for both cationic and anionic exchange, and recently, research activity focalized on improving their performances is very fervent. One fundamental characteristic of a membrane is its Ion Exchange Capacity (IEC), i.e. the density of charged functionalizing groups. Within our research project NEMESI, funded by EU-PNRR (ID: RSH2B_000002), and dedicated to Anion Exchange Membrane Water Electrolysis, we studied and validated a novel alternative method to measure IEC. The present titration methods have limitations for the need of dedicated hardware or qualitative inspection of their color-turning endpoint. The proposed method, based on the redox titration of potassium ferricyanide with ascorbic acid, allows a quantitative and independent assessment based on both potentiometric and spectrophotometric measurements, along with the usually adopted visual observation, as the yellow-colored ferricyanide is reduced to colorless ferrocyanide. Moreover, if compared to the classical Mohr titration with silver nitrate, the new method can be carried out at variable ferricyanide concentrations during the addition of the ascorbic acid, so a complete curve of the redox reaction can be constructed: the initial ferricyanide ion load of the membrane (IEC) can thus be derived in a more precise way than with a single-point evaluation. Only one Ag/AgCl reference electrode and a platinum working electrode are required without any power supply/potentiostat. The proposed method was validated using Anion Exchange Membranes with known IEC.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1139615
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