Aim: To determine whether isolated low-grade germinal matrix-intraventricular haemorrhages (LG-GMH-IVH) and low-grade punctate cerebellar haemorrhages (LG-CBH) contribute to the neurodevelopment of infants born preterm with very low birthweight (VLBW). Method: A prospective observational cohort study was conducted on infants born with VLBW hospitalized from January 2012 to July 2017 who had undergone serial cranial ultrasounds since birth and magnetic resonance susceptibility-weighted imaging of the brain at term-corrected age. Only those with VLBW carrying isolated LG-GMH-IVH (grades 1 or 2) or isolated LG-CBH (punctate cerebellar haemorrhages ≤4 mm in diameter) or absence of lesions (no-lesion) were enrolled and followed up to 3 years. The Griffiths Mental Development Scales, Extended and Revised version (GMDS-ER), were used to assess neurodevelopment, considering unsatisfactory scores less than 85. Behaviour, according to the criteria of the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, and rehabilitation data were noted. Results: Two-hundred and forty infants with VLBW were enrolled: 34 with LG-GMH-IVH, 17 with LG-CBH, and 189 as no-lesion. The LG-GMH-IVH and LG-CBH groups scored worse than the no-lesion group on all GMDS-ER scores for 1 year, 2 years, and 3 years. The LG-CBH group scored lower than the LG-GMH-IVH group for total GMDS-ER scores at 1 year and 2 years but not at 3 years. At 3 years, compared with the LG-CBH group, those with LG-GMH-IVH received less and later physical therapy, with more frequent attention problems. The odds ratio for unsatisfactory GMDS-ER scores corrected for gestational age was 5.75 for LG-CBH (95% confidence interval 1.92–17.25; p = 0.002) and 2.67 for LG-GMH-IVH (95% confidence interval 1.16–6.13; p = 0.02). Interpretation: Low-grade haemorrhages affect the neurodevelopment of very-low-birthweight infants. Early rehabilitation might have contributed to their development.

Influence of isolated low-grade intracranial haemorrhages on the neurodevelopmental outcome of infants born very low birthweight

Uccella S.;Parodi A.;Nobili L.;Tortora D.;Andreato C.;Preiti D.;Massirio P.;Tacchino C.;Brigati G.;De Grandis E.;Siri L.;Caruggi S.;Malova M.;Rossi A.;Ramenghi L. A.
2023-01-01

Abstract

Aim: To determine whether isolated low-grade germinal matrix-intraventricular haemorrhages (LG-GMH-IVH) and low-grade punctate cerebellar haemorrhages (LG-CBH) contribute to the neurodevelopment of infants born preterm with very low birthweight (VLBW). Method: A prospective observational cohort study was conducted on infants born with VLBW hospitalized from January 2012 to July 2017 who had undergone serial cranial ultrasounds since birth and magnetic resonance susceptibility-weighted imaging of the brain at term-corrected age. Only those with VLBW carrying isolated LG-GMH-IVH (grades 1 or 2) or isolated LG-CBH (punctate cerebellar haemorrhages ≤4 mm in diameter) or absence of lesions (no-lesion) were enrolled and followed up to 3 years. The Griffiths Mental Development Scales, Extended and Revised version (GMDS-ER), were used to assess neurodevelopment, considering unsatisfactory scores less than 85. Behaviour, according to the criteria of the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, and rehabilitation data were noted. Results: Two-hundred and forty infants with VLBW were enrolled: 34 with LG-GMH-IVH, 17 with LG-CBH, and 189 as no-lesion. The LG-GMH-IVH and LG-CBH groups scored worse than the no-lesion group on all GMDS-ER scores for 1 year, 2 years, and 3 years. The LG-CBH group scored lower than the LG-GMH-IVH group for total GMDS-ER scores at 1 year and 2 years but not at 3 years. At 3 years, compared with the LG-CBH group, those with LG-GMH-IVH received less and later physical therapy, with more frequent attention problems. The odds ratio for unsatisfactory GMDS-ER scores corrected for gestational age was 5.75 for LG-CBH (95% confidence interval 1.92–17.25; p = 0.002) and 2.67 for LG-GMH-IVH (95% confidence interval 1.16–6.13; p = 0.02). Interpretation: Low-grade haemorrhages affect the neurodevelopment of very-low-birthweight infants. Early rehabilitation might have contributed to their development.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1128896
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact