: In the climate change scenario the world is facing, extreme weather events can lead to increasingly serious disasters. To improve managing the consequent risks, there is a pressing need to have real-time systems that provide accurate monitoring and possibly forecasting which could help to warn people in the affected areas ahead of time and save them from hazards. The oblique earth-space links (OELs) have been used recently as a method for real-time rainfall detection. This technique poses two main issues related to its indirect nature. The first one is the classification of rainy and non-rainy periods. The second one is the determination of the attenuation baseline, which is an essential reference for estimating rainfall intensity along the link. This work focuses mainly on the first issue. Data referring to eighteen rain events were used and have been collected by analyzing a satellite-to-earth link quality and employing a tipping bucket rain gauge (TBRG) properly positioned, used as reference. It reports a comparison among the results obtained by applying four different machine learning (ML) classifiers, namely the support vector machine (SVM), neural network (NN), random forest (RF), and decision tree (DT). Various data arrangements were explored, using a preprocessed version of the TBRG data, and extracting two different sets of characteristics from the microwave link data, containing 6 or 12 different features, respectively. The achieved results demonstrate that the NN classifier has outperformed the other classifiers.

Rain Discrimination with Machine Learning Classifiers for Opportunistic Rain Detection System Using Satellite Micro-Wave Links

Gianoglio C.;Alyosef A.;Caviglia D. D.
2023-01-01

Abstract

: In the climate change scenario the world is facing, extreme weather events can lead to increasingly serious disasters. To improve managing the consequent risks, there is a pressing need to have real-time systems that provide accurate monitoring and possibly forecasting which could help to warn people in the affected areas ahead of time and save them from hazards. The oblique earth-space links (OELs) have been used recently as a method for real-time rainfall detection. This technique poses two main issues related to its indirect nature. The first one is the classification of rainy and non-rainy periods. The second one is the determination of the attenuation baseline, which is an essential reference for estimating rainfall intensity along the link. This work focuses mainly on the first issue. Data referring to eighteen rain events were used and have been collected by analyzing a satellite-to-earth link quality and employing a tipping bucket rain gauge (TBRG) properly positioned, used as reference. It reports a comparison among the results obtained by applying four different machine learning (ML) classifiers, namely the support vector machine (SVM), neural network (NN), random forest (RF), and decision tree (DT). Various data arrangements were explored, using a preprocessed version of the TBRG data, and extracting two different sets of characteristics from the microwave link data, containing 6 or 12 different features, respectively. The achieved results demonstrate that the NN classifier has outperformed the other classifiers.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1110068
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