Objects touched by patients and healthcare workers in hospitals may harbor pathogens, including multi-drug resistant (MDR) staphylococci, enterococci (VRE), Escherichia coli, Acinetobacter, and Pseudomonas species. Medical devices contaminated by these pathogens may also act as a source of severe and difficult-to-treat human infections, thus becoming a critical public health concern requiring urgent resolutions. To this end, we recently reported the bactericidal effects of a cationic copolymer (CP1). Here, aiming at developing a bactericidal formulation possibly to be used either for surfaces disinfection or to treat skin infections, CP1 was formulated as a hydrogel (CP1_1.1-Hgel). Importantly, even if not cross-linked, CP1 formed the gel upon simple dispersion in water, without requiring gelling agents or other additives which could be skin-incompatible or interfere with CP1 bactericidal effects in possible future topical applications. CP1_1.1-Hgel was characterized by attenuated-total-reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) and UV-Vis spectroscopy, as well as optic and scanning electron microscopy (OM and SEM) to investigate its chemical structure and morphology. Its stability was assessed by monitoring its inversion properties over time at room temperature, while its mechanical characteristics were assessed by rheological experiments. Dose-dependent cytotoxicity studies performed on human fibroblasts for 24 h with gel samples obtained by diluting CP_1.1-Hgel at properly selected concentrations established that the 3D network formation did not significantly affect the cytotoxic profile of CP1. Also, microbiologic investigations carried out on two-fold serial dilutions of CP1-gel confirmed the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) previously reported for the not formulated CP1.Selectivity indices values up to 12 were estimated by the values of LD50 and MICs determined here on gel samples.

A Self-Forming Hydrogel from a Bactericidal Copolymer: Synthesis, Characterization, Biological Evaluations and Perspective Applications

Alfei, Silvana;Zuccari, Guendalina;Russo, Eleonora;Caviglia, Debora;Schito, Anna Maria
2022-01-01

Abstract

Objects touched by patients and healthcare workers in hospitals may harbor pathogens, including multi-drug resistant (MDR) staphylococci, enterococci (VRE), Escherichia coli, Acinetobacter, and Pseudomonas species. Medical devices contaminated by these pathogens may also act as a source of severe and difficult-to-treat human infections, thus becoming a critical public health concern requiring urgent resolutions. To this end, we recently reported the bactericidal effects of a cationic copolymer (CP1). Here, aiming at developing a bactericidal formulation possibly to be used either for surfaces disinfection or to treat skin infections, CP1 was formulated as a hydrogel (CP1_1.1-Hgel). Importantly, even if not cross-linked, CP1 formed the gel upon simple dispersion in water, without requiring gelling agents or other additives which could be skin-incompatible or interfere with CP1 bactericidal effects in possible future topical applications. CP1_1.1-Hgel was characterized by attenuated-total-reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) and UV-Vis spectroscopy, as well as optic and scanning electron microscopy (OM and SEM) to investigate its chemical structure and morphology. Its stability was assessed by monitoring its inversion properties over time at room temperature, while its mechanical characteristics were assessed by rheological experiments. Dose-dependent cytotoxicity studies performed on human fibroblasts for 24 h with gel samples obtained by diluting CP_1.1-Hgel at properly selected concentrations established that the 3D network formation did not significantly affect the cytotoxic profile of CP1. Also, microbiologic investigations carried out on two-fold serial dilutions of CP1-gel confirmed the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) previously reported for the not formulated CP1.Selectivity indices values up to 12 were estimated by the values of LD50 and MICs determined here on gel samples.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1102848
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