Most in vitro functional and morphological studies for developing nervous system have been performed using traditional monolayer cultures onto supports modified by extracellular matrix components or synthetic bio-polymers. These biomolecules act as adhesion factors essential for neuronal growth and differentiation. In this study, the use of chitosan as adhesion factor was investigated. Primary rat neurons and neurons differentiated from human induced pluripotent stem cells were cultured onto chitosan and standard adhesion factors modified supports. The initiation, elongation and branching of neuritic processes, synaptogenesis and electrophysiological behavior were studied. The biopolymers affected neurites outgrowth in a time dependent manner; in particular, chitosan promoted neuronal polarity in both cell cultures. These results indicate chitosan as a valid adhesion factor alternative to the standard ones, with the advantage that it can be used both in 2D and 3D cultures, acting as a bridge between these in vitro models.

On the way back from 3D to 2D: Chitosan promotes adhesion and development of neuronal networks onto culture supports

Di Lisa, Donatella;Muzzi, Lorenzo;Pepe, Sara;Dellacasa, Elena;Fassio, Anna;Martinoia, Sergio;Pastorino, Laura
2022-01-01

Abstract

Most in vitro functional and morphological studies for developing nervous system have been performed using traditional monolayer cultures onto supports modified by extracellular matrix components or synthetic bio-polymers. These biomolecules act as adhesion factors essential for neuronal growth and differentiation. In this study, the use of chitosan as adhesion factor was investigated. Primary rat neurons and neurons differentiated from human induced pluripotent stem cells were cultured onto chitosan and standard adhesion factors modified supports. The initiation, elongation and branching of neuritic processes, synaptogenesis and electrophysiological behavior were studied. The biopolymers affected neurites outgrowth in a time dependent manner; in particular, chitosan promoted neuronal polarity in both cell cultures. These results indicate chitosan as a valid adhesion factor alternative to the standard ones, with the advantage that it can be used both in 2D and 3D cultures, acting as a bridge between these in vitro models.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1100480
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