Atherosclerosis represents one of the main causes of death in the Western world. It is a multifactorial pathology characterized by lesions that reduce the lumen of the vessels causing serious clinical events. The extra-domain B of fibronectin is overexpressed during angiogenesis and in tissues undergoing growth and extensive remodeling, i.e., atherosclerotic plaque. Bevacizumab is a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody that can play a central role against angiogenesis reducing the risk associated with this process in atherosclerosis. In this work, an innovative nanosystem for the targeted delivery of bevacizumab to the atherosclerotic lesion is proposed.A production protocol for poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)-polyethylene glycol nanoparticles loaded with bev-acizumab and functionalized with immunouteroglobin-1 was designed. Once functionalized nanoparticles with immunouteroglobin-1 were produced, they were characterized in terms of morphology, mean diameter, zeta-po-tential, association and conjugation efficiencies, bevacizumab release profile, both in phosphate buffered saline and in serum, bevacizumab stability after release, cytocompatibility, and hemocompatibility. Nanoparticle mean diameter was in the range of 217-265 nm, their surface charge was between-22 and-8 mV, and the association and conjugation efficiencies of about 76 and 59 %, respectively. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis confirmed the functionalization of their surface with immunouteroglobin-1. In vitro assays showed that the studied nanoparticles were cytocompatible, once in contact with human endothelial and murine macrophage cell lines up to 72 h, and hemocompatible, once in contact with red blood cells, at different concentrations of encapsulated bevacizumab (0.1, 1, 10, and 100 mu g/mL).

Bevacizumab encapsulation into PLGA nanoparticles functionalized with immunouteroglobin-1 as an innovative delivery system for atherosclerosis

De Negri Atanasio, Giulia;Ferrari, Pier Francesco;Perego, Patrizia;Palombo, Domenico;Campardelli, Roberta
2022-01-01

Abstract

Atherosclerosis represents one of the main causes of death in the Western world. It is a multifactorial pathology characterized by lesions that reduce the lumen of the vessels causing serious clinical events. The extra-domain B of fibronectin is overexpressed during angiogenesis and in tissues undergoing growth and extensive remodeling, i.e., atherosclerotic plaque. Bevacizumab is a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody that can play a central role against angiogenesis reducing the risk associated with this process in atherosclerosis. In this work, an innovative nanosystem for the targeted delivery of bevacizumab to the atherosclerotic lesion is proposed.A production protocol for poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)-polyethylene glycol nanoparticles loaded with bev-acizumab and functionalized with immunouteroglobin-1 was designed. Once functionalized nanoparticles with immunouteroglobin-1 were produced, they were characterized in terms of morphology, mean diameter, zeta-po-tential, association and conjugation efficiencies, bevacizumab release profile, both in phosphate buffered saline and in serum, bevacizumab stability after release, cytocompatibility, and hemocompatibility. Nanoparticle mean diameter was in the range of 217-265 nm, their surface charge was between-22 and-8 mV, and the association and conjugation efficiencies of about 76 and 59 %, respectively. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis confirmed the functionalization of their surface with immunouteroglobin-1. In vitro assays showed that the studied nanoparticles were cytocompatible, once in contact with human endothelial and murine macrophage cell lines up to 72 h, and hemocompatible, once in contact with red blood cells, at different concentrations of encapsulated bevacizumab (0.1, 1, 10, and 100 mu g/mL).
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
De Negri Atanasio et al., 2022.pdf

accesso chiuso

Descrizione: Articolo su rivista
Tipologia: Documento in Pre-print
Dimensione 1.46 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.46 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1099610
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact