The Doldrums transform system offsets the Equatorial Mid Atlantic Ridge by similar to 630 km at 7-8 degrees N. This transform system consists of four intra-transform spreading centers (ITRs) bounded by five transform faults. The northern-most ITR is linked to the MAR axis by a similar to 180 km-long transform. Here, during two R/V A. N. Strakhov expeditions (S06 and S09), mantle peridotites were dredged along the transverse and median ridge of the transform, across the western flank of the ITR valley. Residual harzburgites were mainly sampled along the northern Doldrums transform valley, whereas plagioclase-bearing peridotites showing evidence for melt-rock interaction characterize the ITR domain. Petrological and geochemical observations reinforced by geochemical modelling are used to define the behaviour of trace elements during melt extraction and melt-rock reaction in our rocks. Results suggest that residual peridotites derive from mantle rocks that have undergone a degree of partial melting up to 12%, with melting likely starting at the transition of garnet-spinel stability fields, whereas peridotites which suffered melt-rock reactions have been divided into two types: (i) pl-impregnated peridotites, formed by migration of melts at high porosity and high melt-rock ratio; and (ii) refertilized peridotites, generated at reduced porosity, when small fractions of the same percolating melt crystallized clinopyroxene and minor plagioclase. We suggest that the refertilizing agent was a melt highly depleted in incompatible trace elements, in turn produced by an ultra-depleted mantle source. This mantle experienced previous degrees of melt extraction at the ridge axis, before being transposed laterally along the transform where it melted a second time during the opening of the intra-transform spreading segment. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Ultra-depleted melt refertilization of mantle peridotites in a large intra-transform domain (Doldrums Fracture Zone; 7–8°N, Mid Atlantic Ridge)

Carlotta Ferrando;
2020

Abstract

The Doldrums transform system offsets the Equatorial Mid Atlantic Ridge by similar to 630 km at 7-8 degrees N. This transform system consists of four intra-transform spreading centers (ITRs) bounded by five transform faults. The northern-most ITR is linked to the MAR axis by a similar to 180 km-long transform. Here, during two R/V A. N. Strakhov expeditions (S06 and S09), mantle peridotites were dredged along the transverse and median ridge of the transform, across the western flank of the ITR valley. Residual harzburgites were mainly sampled along the northern Doldrums transform valley, whereas plagioclase-bearing peridotites showing evidence for melt-rock interaction characterize the ITR domain. Petrological and geochemical observations reinforced by geochemical modelling are used to define the behaviour of trace elements during melt extraction and melt-rock reaction in our rocks. Results suggest that residual peridotites derive from mantle rocks that have undergone a degree of partial melting up to 12%, with melting likely starting at the transition of garnet-spinel stability fields, whereas peridotites which suffered melt-rock reactions have been divided into two types: (i) pl-impregnated peridotites, formed by migration of melts at high porosity and high melt-rock ratio; and (ii) refertilized peridotites, generated at reduced porosity, when small fractions of the same percolating melt crystallized clinopyroxene and minor plagioclase. We suggest that the refertilizing agent was a melt highly depleted in incompatible trace elements, in turn produced by an ultra-depleted mantle source. This mantle experienced previous degrees of melt extraction at the ridge axis, before being transposed laterally along the transform where it melted a second time during the opening of the intra-transform spreading segment. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1094753
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