The automatic vitality detection of a fingerprint has become an important issue in per- sonal verification systems based on this biometric. It has been shown that fake finger- prints made using materials like gelatine or silicon can deceive commonly used sensors. Recently, the extraction of vitality features from fingerprint images has been proposed to address this problem. Among others, static and dynamic features have been separately studied so far, thus their respective merits are not yet clear; especially because reported results were often obtained with different sensors and using small data sets which could have obscured relative merits, due to the potential small sample-size issues. In this pa- per, we compare some static and dynamic features by experiments on a larger data set and using the same optical sensor for the extraction of both feature sets. We dealt with fingerprint stamps made using liquid silicon rubber. Reported results show the relative merits of static and dynamic features and the performance improvement achievable by using such features together.

Fingerprint silicon replicas: static and dynamic features for vitality detection using an optical capture device

ROLI F
2008-01-01

Abstract

The automatic vitality detection of a fingerprint has become an important issue in per- sonal verification systems based on this biometric. It has been shown that fake finger- prints made using materials like gelatine or silicon can deceive commonly used sensors. Recently, the extraction of vitality features from fingerprint images has been proposed to address this problem. Among others, static and dynamic features have been separately studied so far, thus their respective merits are not yet clear; especially because reported results were often obtained with different sensors and using small data sets which could have obscured relative merits, due to the potential small sample-size issues. In this pa- per, we compare some static and dynamic features by experiments on a larger data set and using the same optical sensor for the extraction of both feature sets. We dealt with fingerprint stamps made using liquid silicon rubber. Reported results show the relative merits of static and dynamic features and the performance improvement achievable by using such features together.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1088750
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