The relation between the increase in the frequency and the effects of extreme events with climate change has been widely demonstrated and the related consequences are a global concern. In this framework, the strong correlation between significant lightning occurrence and intense precipitation events has been also documented. Consequently, the possibility of having a short-term forecasting tool of the lightning activity may help in identifying and monitoring the evolution of severe weather events on very short time ranges. The present paper proposes an application of Random Forest (RF), a popular Machine Learning (ML) algorithm, to perform a nowcasting of Cloud-to-Ground (CG) lightning occurrence over the Italian territory and the surrounding seas during the months of August, September, and October from 2017 to 2019. Results obtained with three different spatial resolutions have been compared, suggesting that, to enhance the skills of the model in identifying the presence or absence of strokes, all the data selected as input should be commonly gridded on the finest available spatial resolution. Moreover, the features’ importance analysis performed confirms that meteorological features describing the state of the atmosphere, especially at higher altitudes, have a stronger impact on the final result than topology data, such as Latitude or Digital Elevation Model (DEM).

Horizontal grid spacing comparison among Random Forest algorithms to nowcast Cloud-to-Ground lightning occurrence

La Fata A.;Amato F.;Procopio R.;
2022

Abstract

The relation between the increase in the frequency and the effects of extreme events with climate change has been widely demonstrated and the related consequences are a global concern. In this framework, the strong correlation between significant lightning occurrence and intense precipitation events has been also documented. Consequently, the possibility of having a short-term forecasting tool of the lightning activity may help in identifying and monitoring the evolution of severe weather events on very short time ranges. The present paper proposes an application of Random Forest (RF), a popular Machine Learning (ML) algorithm, to perform a nowcasting of Cloud-to-Ground (CG) lightning occurrence over the Italian territory and the surrounding seas during the months of August, September, and October from 2017 to 2019. Results obtained with three different spatial resolutions have been compared, suggesting that, to enhance the skills of the model in identifying the presence or absence of strokes, all the data selected as input should be commonly gridded on the finest available spatial resolution. Moreover, the features’ importance analysis performed confirms that meteorological features describing the state of the atmosphere, especially at higher altitudes, have a stronger impact on the final result than topology data, such as Latitude or Digital Elevation Model (DEM).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/1082916
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