Objectives: Ceftazidime/avibactam (CAZ-AVI), approved in 2015, is an important first-line option for Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales (KPC-E). Although still uncommon, resistance to CAZ-AVI has emerged and may represent a serious cause of concern. Methods: We performed a systematic literature review of clinical and microbiological features of infections and colonisations by CAZ-AVI-resistant KPC-E, focused on the in vivo emergence of CAZ-AVI resistance in different clinical scenarios. Results: Twenty-three papers were retrieved accounting for 42 patients and 57 isolates, mostly belonging to K. pneumoniae ST258 harbouring D179Y substitution in the KPC enzyme. The USA, Greece and Italy accounted for 80% of cases. In one-third of isolates resistance was not associated with previous CAZ-AVI exposure. Moreover, 20% of the strains were colistin-resistant and 80% were extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producers. The majority of infected patients had severe underlying diseases (39% cancer, 22% solid-organ transplantation) and 37% died. The abdomen, lung and blood were the most involved infection sites. Infections by CAZ-AVI-resistant strains were mainly treated with combination therapy (85% of cases), with meropenem being the most common (65%) followed by tigecycline (30%), gentamicin (25%), colistin (25%) and fosfomycin (10%). Despite the emergence of resistance, 35% of patients received CAZ-AVI. Conclusion: Taken together, these data highlight the need for prompt susceptibility testing including CAZ-AVI for Enterobacterales, at least in critical areas. Resistance to CAZ-AVI is an urgent issue to monitor in order to improve both empirical and targeted CAZ-AVI use as well as the management of patients with infections caused by CAZ-AVI-resistant strains.

Resistance to ceftazidime/avibactam in infections and colonisations by KPC-producing Enterobacterales: a systematic review of observational clinical studies

Giacobbe D. R.;Bassetti M.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Objectives: Ceftazidime/avibactam (CAZ-AVI), approved in 2015, is an important first-line option for Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales (KPC-E). Although still uncommon, resistance to CAZ-AVI has emerged and may represent a serious cause of concern. Methods: We performed a systematic literature review of clinical and microbiological features of infections and colonisations by CAZ-AVI-resistant KPC-E, focused on the in vivo emergence of CAZ-AVI resistance in different clinical scenarios. Results: Twenty-three papers were retrieved accounting for 42 patients and 57 isolates, mostly belonging to K. pneumoniae ST258 harbouring D179Y substitution in the KPC enzyme. The USA, Greece and Italy accounted for 80% of cases. In one-third of isolates resistance was not associated with previous CAZ-AVI exposure. Moreover, 20% of the strains were colistin-resistant and 80% were extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producers. The majority of infected patients had severe underlying diseases (39% cancer, 22% solid-organ transplantation) and 37% died. The abdomen, lung and blood were the most involved infection sites. Infections by CAZ-AVI-resistant strains were mainly treated with combination therapy (85% of cases), with meropenem being the most common (65%) followed by tigecycline (30%), gentamicin (25%), colistin (25%) and fosfomycin (10%). Despite the emergence of resistance, 35% of patients received CAZ-AVI. Conclusion: Taken together, these data highlight the need for prompt susceptibility testing including CAZ-AVI for Enterobacterales, at least in critical areas. Resistance to CAZ-AVI is an urgent issue to monitor in order to improve both empirical and targeted CAZ-AVI use as well as the management of patients with infections caused by CAZ-AVI-resistant strains.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1073488
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