A fully resolved direct numerical simulation approach for investigating flexible bodies forced by a turbulent incoming flow is designed to study the flapping motion of a flexible flag at the moderate Reynolds number. The incoming turbulent flow is generated by placing a passive grid at the inlet of the numerical domain and the turbulence level of the flow, impacting that the flag can be controlled by changing its downstream distance from the grid. The computational framework is based on the immersed boundary method for dealing with arbitrary geometries and implemented using a graphics-processing-unit accelerated parallelization to increase the computational efficiency. The grid-induced turbulent flow is first characterized by means of comparison with well-known results for decaying turbulence and a scale-by-scale analysis. Then, the flag-in-the-wind problem is revisited by exploring the effect of the turbulence intensity on self-sustained flapping. While the latter is still manifesting under strong fluctuations, the main features of the oscillation (including its amplitude and frequency) are altered by turbulence, whose fingerprint can also be qualitatively detected by spectral analysis. Besides their relevance for advancing the fundamental understanding of the fluid-structure interaction in turbulence, these findings have potential impact for related applications, e.g., aeroelastic energy harvesting or flow control techniques.

Direct numerical simulation of flapping flags in grid-induced turbulence

Mazzino A.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

A fully resolved direct numerical simulation approach for investigating flexible bodies forced by a turbulent incoming flow is designed to study the flapping motion of a flexible flag at the moderate Reynolds number. The incoming turbulent flow is generated by placing a passive grid at the inlet of the numerical domain and the turbulence level of the flow, impacting that the flag can be controlled by changing its downstream distance from the grid. The computational framework is based on the immersed boundary method for dealing with arbitrary geometries and implemented using a graphics-processing-unit accelerated parallelization to increase the computational efficiency. The grid-induced turbulent flow is first characterized by means of comparison with well-known results for decaying turbulence and a scale-by-scale analysis. Then, the flag-in-the-wind problem is revisited by exploring the effect of the turbulence intensity on self-sustained flapping. While the latter is still manifesting under strong fluctuations, the main features of the oscillation (including its amplitude and frequency) are altered by turbulence, whose fingerprint can also be qualitatively detected by spectral analysis. Besides their relevance for advancing the fundamental understanding of the fluid-structure interaction in turbulence, these findings have potential impact for related applications, e.g., aeroelastic energy harvesting or flow control techniques.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1072988
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