AIM: Since the immune system plays a role in the pathogenesis of several muscular dystrophies, we aim to characterize several muscular inflammatory features in α- (LGMD R3) and γ-sarcoglycanopathies (LGMD R5). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We explored the expression of major histocompatibility complex class I molecules (MHCI), and we analyzed the composition of the immune infiltrates in muscle biopsies from 10 patients with LGMD R3 and 8 patients with LGMD R5, comparing the results to Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients (DMD). RESULTS: A consistent involvement of the immune response was observed in sarcoglycanopathies, although it was less evident than in DMD. LGMD R3-R5 and DMD shared an abnormal expression of MHCI, and the composition of the muscular immune cell infiltrate was comparable. CONCLUSION: These findings might serve as a rationale to fine-tune a disease-specific immunomodulatory regimen, particularly relevant in view of the rapid development of gene therapy for sarcoglycanopathies.

Muscle inflammatory pattern in alpha- and gamma-sarcoglycanopathies

Panicucci C.;Fiorillo C.;Minetti C.;Bruno C.
2021

Abstract

AIM: Since the immune system plays a role in the pathogenesis of several muscular dystrophies, we aim to characterize several muscular inflammatory features in α- (LGMD R3) and γ-sarcoglycanopathies (LGMD R5). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We explored the expression of major histocompatibility complex class I molecules (MHCI), and we analyzed the composition of the immune infiltrates in muscle biopsies from 10 patients with LGMD R3 and 8 patients with LGMD R5, comparing the results to Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients (DMD). RESULTS: A consistent involvement of the immune response was observed in sarcoglycanopathies, although it was less evident than in DMD. LGMD R3-R5 and DMD shared an abnormal expression of MHCI, and the composition of the muscular immune cell infiltrate was comparable. CONCLUSION: These findings might serve as a rationale to fine-tune a disease-specific immunomodulatory regimen, particularly relevant in view of the rapid development of gene therapy for sarcoglycanopathies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1065211
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