Multiple sclerosis (MS) is characterized by auto-reactive T cells that respond to central nervous system (CNS)-based antigens and affect motor, sensory as well as behavioral and cognitive functions. Cognitive deficits are now considered an early manifestation of the disease in MS patients. However, the pathophysiology responsible for the cognitive symptoms in MS remains unclear. Increasing evidence from a mouse model of MS, the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), suggests a correlation between the synaptopathy induced by microglia activation in the early phase of the disease and cognitive dysfunction. In particular, EAE causes deficits in hippocampal-dependent learning and memory that are associated with early microglial activation, synaptic loss and neurodegeneration. Interestingly, inflammatory cytokines released from infiltrating lymphocytes or activated microglia are able to alter synaptic transmission. Increased glutamate-mediated transmission and loss of GABAergic inputs were observed in EAE. They may thus underlie cognitive dysfunction in this model and in MS. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.

Cognitive deficits in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis: Neuroinflammation and synaptic degeneration

Grasselli G.;
2010

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is characterized by auto-reactive T cells that respond to central nervous system (CNS)-based antigens and affect motor, sensory as well as behavioral and cognitive functions. Cognitive deficits are now considered an early manifestation of the disease in MS patients. However, the pathophysiology responsible for the cognitive symptoms in MS remains unclear. Increasing evidence from a mouse model of MS, the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), suggests a correlation between the synaptopathy induced by microglia activation in the early phase of the disease and cognitive dysfunction. In particular, EAE causes deficits in hippocampal-dependent learning and memory that are associated with early microglial activation, synaptic loss and neurodegeneration. Interestingly, inflammatory cytokines released from infiltrating lymphocytes or activated microglia are able to alter synaptic transmission. Increased glutamate-mediated transmission and loss of GABAergic inputs were observed in EAE. They may thus underlie cognitive dysfunction in this model and in MS. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1064217
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 32
  • Scopus 55
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 55
social impact