Heterogeneous clinical and neuropsychological features, such as intellectual disability, developmental and language delay, hypotonia, and, to a lesser extent, microcephaly that is present in about the half of the reported patients, characterize the 3q29 microduplication syndrome with usually a milder phenotype compared with the corresponding 3q29 microdeletion syndrome. The duplications described so far range from 2.3 Mb to 1.6 Mb, spanning from TFRC to BDH1 genes. Here we report on two patients with overlapping interstitial duplications of the 3q29 region differing in size. Patient 1 harboured a common-seized 3q29 microduplication spanning ∼1.6 Mb, while patient 2 carried a very small 3q29 microduplication of 448.8 Kb encompassing only two genes, DLG1 and BDH1. Both patients presented clinical characteristics similar to those reported in the literature in 3q29 microduplication syndrome. Interestingly, heterotopic gray matter nodules were found along the right lateral ventricle on brain MRI in patient 1, thus expanding the neuroradiological phenotype in 3q29 microduplication syndrome, while patient 2 allowed us to define with more precision the smallest region of overlap (SRO). Gene content analysis of the duplicated region suggests that gain-of-dosage of DLG1 and BDH1 may be a good candidate for the main clinical features of this syndrome.

3q29 microduplication syndrome: Description of two new cases and delineation of the minimal critical region

Tassano E.;Uccella S.;Giacomini T.;Gherzi M.;Porta S.;
2018

Abstract

Heterogeneous clinical and neuropsychological features, such as intellectual disability, developmental and language delay, hypotonia, and, to a lesser extent, microcephaly that is present in about the half of the reported patients, characterize the 3q29 microduplication syndrome with usually a milder phenotype compared with the corresponding 3q29 microdeletion syndrome. The duplications described so far range from 2.3 Mb to 1.6 Mb, spanning from TFRC to BDH1 genes. Here we report on two patients with overlapping interstitial duplications of the 3q29 region differing in size. Patient 1 harboured a common-seized 3q29 microduplication spanning ∼1.6 Mb, while patient 2 carried a very small 3q29 microduplication of 448.8 Kb encompassing only two genes, DLG1 and BDH1. Both patients presented clinical characteristics similar to those reported in the literature in 3q29 microduplication syndrome. Interestingly, heterotopic gray matter nodules were found along the right lateral ventricle on brain MRI in patient 1, thus expanding the neuroradiological phenotype in 3q29 microduplication syndrome, while patient 2 allowed us to define with more precision the smallest region of overlap (SRO). Gene content analysis of the duplicated region suggests that gain-of-dosage of DLG1 and BDH1 may be a good candidate for the main clinical features of this syndrome.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1060160
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 6
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 5
social impact