The advancements in connected and autonomous vehicles in these times demand the availability of tools providing the agents with the capability to be aware and predict their own states and context dynamics. This paper presents a novel approach to develop an initial level of collective awareness (CA) in a network of intelligent agents. A specific collective self-awareness functionality is considered, namely agent-centered detection of abnormal situations present in the environment around any agent in the network. Moreover, the agent should be capable of analyzing how such abnormalities can influence the future actions of each agent. Data-driven Dynamic Bayesian Network (DBN) models learned from time series of sensory data recorded during the realization of tasks (agent network experiences) is here used for abnormality detection and prediction. A set of DBNs, each related to an agent is used to allow the agents in the network to reach synchronously aware about possible abnormalities occurring when available models are used on a new instance of the task for which DBNs have been learned. A Growing Neural Gas (GNG) algorithm is used to learn the nodes variables and conditional probabilities linking nodes in the DBN models; a Markov Jump Particle Filter (MJPF) is employed for state estimation and abnormality detection in each agent using learned DBNs as filter parameters. Performance metrics are discussed to asses the algorithm’s reliability and accuracy. The impact is also evaluated by the communication channel used by the network to share data sensed in a distributed way by each agent of the network. The IEEE 802.11p protocol standard has been considered for communication among agents. Performances of the DBN based abnormality detection models under different channel and source conditions are discussed. The effects of distances among agents and of the delays and packet losses are analyzed in different scenario categories (urban, suburban, rural) Real data sets are also used acquired by autonomous vehicles performing different tasks in a controlled environment.

Collective awareness for abnormality detection in connected autonomous vehicles

Kanapram, Divya Thekke;Patrone, Fabio;Marchese, Mario;Marcenaro, Lucio;Regazzoni, Carlo
2020-01-01

Abstract

The advancements in connected and autonomous vehicles in these times demand the availability of tools providing the agents with the capability to be aware and predict their own states and context dynamics. This paper presents a novel approach to develop an initial level of collective awareness (CA) in a network of intelligent agents. A specific collective self-awareness functionality is considered, namely agent-centered detection of abnormal situations present in the environment around any agent in the network. Moreover, the agent should be capable of analyzing how such abnormalities can influence the future actions of each agent. Data-driven Dynamic Bayesian Network (DBN) models learned from time series of sensory data recorded during the realization of tasks (agent network experiences) is here used for abnormality detection and prediction. A set of DBNs, each related to an agent is used to allow the agents in the network to reach synchronously aware about possible abnormalities occurring when available models are used on a new instance of the task for which DBNs have been learned. A Growing Neural Gas (GNG) algorithm is used to learn the nodes variables and conditional probabilities linking nodes in the DBN models; a Markov Jump Particle Filter (MJPF) is employed for state estimation and abnormality detection in each agent using learned DBNs as filter parameters. Performance metrics are discussed to asses the algorithm’s reliability and accuracy. The impact is also evaluated by the communication channel used by the network to share data sensed in a distributed way by each agent of the network. The IEEE 802.11p protocol standard has been considered for communication among agents. Performances of the DBN based abnormality detection models under different channel and source conditions are discussed. The effects of distances among agents and of the delays and packet losses are analyzed in different scenario categories (urban, suburban, rural) Real data sets are also used acquired by autonomous vehicles performing different tasks in a controlled environment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/999943
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