PURPOSE: Since the role of resistin was evaluated only in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) not treated with immunotherapy, we aimed to evaluate levels of resistin during immunotherapy (nivolumab) and its prognostic role with regard to OS. METHODS/PATIENTS: From a cohort of 78 patients with advanced NSCLC enrolled in a prospective study at Ospedale Policlinico San Martino in Genoa (Italy), 43 patients have been considered for this sub-analysis because of the availability of samples. Before and during nivolumab administration, clinical information and blood samples were collected and resistin, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8, MMP-9, and myeloperoxidase were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: Median age was 71 with a prevalence of males and former smokers. Median resistin levels presented a peak at cycle 2 and then dropped down until the last cycle. Resistin correlated with all neutrophil degranulation products at cycle 1 (except for MMP-9) and at cycle 2 as well as with white blood cells and neutrophils. By a ROC curve analysis, a resistin value at cycle 2 of 19 ng/mL was tested as the best cut-off point for OS. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that patients above the resistin cut-off experienced a reduced OS (median OS 242.5 vs. 470 days, p = 0.0073), as confirmed by Cox proportional hazards regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Resistin levels > 19 ng/mL at the time of the second cycle of nivolumab treatment independently predict a reduced OS in patients with advanced NSCLC.

Resistin is associated with overall survival in non-small cell lung cancer patients during nivolumab treatment

Bonaventura, A;Carbone, F;Bardi, N;Biello, F;Tagliamento, M;Dallegri, F;Genova, C;Montecucco, F
2020

Abstract

PURPOSE: Since the role of resistin was evaluated only in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) not treated with immunotherapy, we aimed to evaluate levels of resistin during immunotherapy (nivolumab) and its prognostic role with regard to OS. METHODS/PATIENTS: From a cohort of 78 patients with advanced NSCLC enrolled in a prospective study at Ospedale Policlinico San Martino in Genoa (Italy), 43 patients have been considered for this sub-analysis because of the availability of samples. Before and during nivolumab administration, clinical information and blood samples were collected and resistin, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8, MMP-9, and myeloperoxidase were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: Median age was 71 with a prevalence of males and former smokers. Median resistin levels presented a peak at cycle 2 and then dropped down until the last cycle. Resistin correlated with all neutrophil degranulation products at cycle 1 (except for MMP-9) and at cycle 2 as well as with white blood cells and neutrophils. By a ROC curve analysis, a resistin value at cycle 2 of 19 ng/mL was tested as the best cut-off point for OS. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that patients above the resistin cut-off experienced a reduced OS (median OS 242.5 vs. 470 days, p = 0.0073), as confirmed by Cox proportional hazards regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Resistin levels > 19 ng/mL at the time of the second cycle of nivolumab treatment independently predict a reduced OS in patients with advanced NSCLC.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/998927
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