OBJECTIVE: To compare the emergence of drug-resistant HIV variants at failure of lamivudine (3TC)/tenofovir (TDF)-containing or emtricitabine (FTC)/TDF-containing HAART as a consequence of the different 3TC and FTC intracellular half-lives. DESIGN: Retrospective evaluation of 859 patients selected from an Italian HIV resistance database (Antiretroviral Resistance Cohort Analysis). METHODS: Patients were selected for analysis if treated with a HAART whose nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor backbone was either 3TC/TDF or FTC/TDF; if they experienced a virological failure after at least 6 months of plasma HIV-RNA undetectability; and if HIV genotypes before treatment and at failure were available. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were done to detect predictors of resistance mutations emerging at failure. RESULTS: Of 714 patients failing with 3TC/TDF and 145 with FTC/TDF, 35.8 and 21.1% were in Centers for Disease Control and Prevention stage C, and 8.8 and 15.2% were on first-line HAART, respectively. At multivariate analysis, the emergence of K70R (P = 0.002), M184V (P = 0.031), T215F (P = 0.020) and Y181C (P = 0.005) was significantly more common in 3TC-treated than in FTC-treated patients, with an odds ratio of 4, 1.56, 1.89 and 3.84, respectively. CONCLUSION: Despite their close structural similarity, 3TC and FTC are associated with a significantly different rate of drug resistance at treatment failure when combined with TDF in HAART regimens independently of the third drug used. Copyright © 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Emerging mutations at virological failure of HAART combinations containing tenofovir and lamivudine or emtricitabine

Di Biagio A.;Bruzzone B.;
2010

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To compare the emergence of drug-resistant HIV variants at failure of lamivudine (3TC)/tenofovir (TDF)-containing or emtricitabine (FTC)/TDF-containing HAART as a consequence of the different 3TC and FTC intracellular half-lives. DESIGN: Retrospective evaluation of 859 patients selected from an Italian HIV resistance database (Antiretroviral Resistance Cohort Analysis). METHODS: Patients were selected for analysis if treated with a HAART whose nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor backbone was either 3TC/TDF or FTC/TDF; if they experienced a virological failure after at least 6 months of plasma HIV-RNA undetectability; and if HIV genotypes before treatment and at failure were available. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were done to detect predictors of resistance mutations emerging at failure. RESULTS: Of 714 patients failing with 3TC/TDF and 145 with FTC/TDF, 35.8 and 21.1% were in Centers for Disease Control and Prevention stage C, and 8.8 and 15.2% were on first-line HAART, respectively. At multivariate analysis, the emergence of K70R (P = 0.002), M184V (P = 0.031), T215F (P = 0.020) and Y181C (P = 0.005) was significantly more common in 3TC-treated than in FTC-treated patients, with an odds ratio of 4, 1.56, 1.89 and 3.84, respectively. CONCLUSION: Despite their close structural similarity, 3TC and FTC are associated with a significantly different rate of drug resistance at treatment failure when combined with TDF in HAART regimens independently of the third drug used. Copyright © 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/992949
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