The aim of the present work is to design a test rig suited to investigate the dynamic interaction between rotor and hydrodynamic journal bearings in micro gas turbines (microGT), i.e. with reference to small bearings (diameter in the order of ten millimeters). Particularly, the device is capable of measuring the journal location. Therefore, the journal motion due to rotor vibrations can be displayed, in order to assess performance as well as stiffness and damping of the bearings. The new test rig is based on Bently Nevada Rotor Kit (RK), but substantial modifications are carried out. Indeed, the relative radial clearance of the original RK bearings is about 2/100, while it is in the order of 1/1000 in industrial bearings. Therefore, the same RK bearings are employed in the new test rig, but a new shaft has been designed in order to reduce the original clearance. The new shaft enables us to study the bearing behaviour for different clearances, as it is equipped with interchangeable journals. The experimental data yielded by the new test rig are compared with numerical results. These are obtained by means of a suitable finite element (FEM) code developed by our research group. It allows the Thermo Elasto-HydroDynamic (TEHD) analysis of the bearing in static and dynamic conditions. In the present paper, bearing static performances are analysed in order to assess the reliability of the journal location predictions by comparing numerical and experimental results. Such comparisons are presented for both large and small clearance bearings of original and modified RK, respectively. Good agreement is found only for the modified RK equipped with small clearance bearings (relative radial clearance equal to 8/1000). Nevertheless, rotor alignment is quite difficult with small clearance bearings and a completely new test rig is designed for future experiments.

Development of a new test rig for the analysis of hydrodynamic bearings for rotors of microGT

Niccolini Marmont Du Haut Champ C. A.;Stefani F.;Silvestri P.
2019

Abstract

The aim of the present work is to design a test rig suited to investigate the dynamic interaction between rotor and hydrodynamic journal bearings in micro gas turbines (microGT), i.e. with reference to small bearings (diameter in the order of ten millimeters). Particularly, the device is capable of measuring the journal location. Therefore, the journal motion due to rotor vibrations can be displayed, in order to assess performance as well as stiffness and damping of the bearings. The new test rig is based on Bently Nevada Rotor Kit (RK), but substantial modifications are carried out. Indeed, the relative radial clearance of the original RK bearings is about 2/100, while it is in the order of 1/1000 in industrial bearings. Therefore, the same RK bearings are employed in the new test rig, but a new shaft has been designed in order to reduce the original clearance. The new shaft enables us to study the bearing behaviour for different clearances, as it is equipped with interchangeable journals. The experimental data yielded by the new test rig are compared with numerical results. These are obtained by means of a suitable finite element (FEM) code developed by our research group. It allows the Thermo Elasto-HydroDynamic (TEHD) analysis of the bearing in static and dynamic conditions. In the present paper, bearing static performances are analysed in order to assess the reliability of the journal location predictions by comparing numerical and experimental results. Such comparisons are presented for both large and small clearance bearings of original and modified RK, respectively. Good agreement is found only for the modified RK equipped with small clearance bearings (relative radial clearance equal to 8/1000). Nevertheless, rotor alignment is quite difficult with small clearance bearings and a completely new test rig is designed for future experiments.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
DEVELOPMENT OF A NEW TEST RIG FOR THE ANALYSIS OF HYDRODYNAMIC BEARINGS FOR ROTORS OF MICROGT.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Articolo principale
Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Dimensione 1.98 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.98 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/974982
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact