The aim of the present work is to retrace experimental, analytical and numerical analyses which deal with compressor instability phenomena, such as rotating stall and surge. While the first affects only the machine itself, the second involves the whole energy system. Surge onset is characterized by strong pressure and mass flow rate fluctuations which can even lead to reverse flow through the compressor. Experimental studies on prevention of axial compressor fluid dynamic instabilities, which can be propagated and eventually damage the solid structure, have been carried out by many authors. The first important studies on this topic tried to underline the main aspects of the complex detailed mechanism of surge, by replacing the compression system with an equivalent conceptual lumped parameter model. This is specially meant to capture the unsteady behaviour and the transient response of the compression system itself, particularly its dependence on variations in the volume of discharge downstream and in the settings of the throttle valve at its outlet (which simulates the actual load coupled to the compressor). Greitzer's model is still regarded as the milestone for new investigations about active control and stabilization of surge and, more generally, about active suppression of aerodynamic instabilities in turbomachinery. During the last years, a lot of simulations and experimental studies about surge have been conducted on multistage centrifugal compressors with different architectures (e.g. equipped with vaneless or vaned diffusers). Moreover, further kinds of analysis try to extend the stable working zone of compressors, identifying stall and surge precursors extractable from information contained in the vibro-acoustical and rotodynamic response of the system.
|Titolo:||Surge prevention in gas turbines: An overview over historical solutions and perspectives about the future|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|