The phase III PROSELICA trial showed that cabazitaxel 20 mg/m (C20) was not inferior and better tolerated compared to cabazitaxel 25 mg/m (C25) in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) who had progressed during or after docetaxel. Here, we report on a real-world retrospective analysis concerning the safety and the activity of C20 schedule in patients with mCRPC treated at our Institution. We identified 35 patients with mCRPC who received C20 as baseline dose treatment because they were frail or experienced serious toxicities to previous treatments. Adverse events assessment was performed at each visit during the treatment. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) curves were obtained using the Kaplan-Meyer product-limit estimator. Median age was 71 years. All patients received a previous treatment with docetaxel; 19 patients (54%) received one additional line of therapy and 9 (26%) two or more. Patients received a median of 4 cycles (range: 2-10). Only one patient experienced grade 3 neutropenia (3%), two patients grade 3 anemia (6%), and one patient grade 3 fatigue (3%); three patients were treated with prophylactic Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (9%). The most frequent adverse events of all grades were: anemia (39%), fatigue (33%), and diarrhea (15%). Median PFS was 3.7 months [95% confidence interval (CI): 3.31-4.09]; median OS was 10.3 months (95% CI: 4.63-15.97). Our real-world analysis confirms that C20 is a feasible option for elderly and heavily pretreated patients with mCRPC, showing activity and good tolerability.

Reduced dose of cabazitaxel in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer: from PROSELICA trial to the real life: A single institution experience

Vallome, Giacomo;Cattrini, Carlo;Messina, Carlo;Cerbone, Luigi;Boccardo, Francesco;Zanardi, Elisa
2019

Abstract

The phase III PROSELICA trial showed that cabazitaxel 20 mg/m (C20) was not inferior and better tolerated compared to cabazitaxel 25 mg/m (C25) in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) who had progressed during or after docetaxel. Here, we report on a real-world retrospective analysis concerning the safety and the activity of C20 schedule in patients with mCRPC treated at our Institution. We identified 35 patients with mCRPC who received C20 as baseline dose treatment because they were frail or experienced serious toxicities to previous treatments. Adverse events assessment was performed at each visit during the treatment. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) curves were obtained using the Kaplan-Meyer product-limit estimator. Median age was 71 years. All patients received a previous treatment with docetaxel; 19 patients (54%) received one additional line of therapy and 9 (26%) two or more. Patients received a median of 4 cycles (range: 2-10). Only one patient experienced grade 3 neutropenia (3%), two patients grade 3 anemia (6%), and one patient grade 3 fatigue (3%); three patients were treated with prophylactic Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (9%). The most frequent adverse events of all grades were: anemia (39%), fatigue (33%), and diarrhea (15%). Median PFS was 3.7 months [95% confidence interval (CI): 3.31-4.09]; median OS was 10.3 months (95% CI: 4.63-15.97). Our real-world analysis confirms that C20 is a feasible option for elderly and heavily pretreated patients with mCRPC, showing activity and good tolerability.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/970137
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