Background and aims: Glycogen storage disease type Ib (GSD1b) is a rare metabolic and immune disorder caused by a deficiency in the glucose-6-phosphate transporter (G6PT) and characterized by impaired glucose homeostasis, myeloid dysfunction, and long-term risk of hepatocellular adenomas. Despite maximal therapy, based on a strict diet and on granulocyte colony-stimulating factor treatment, long-term severe complications still develop. Understanding the pathophysiology of GSD1b is a prerequisite to develop new therapeutic strategies and depends on the availability of animal models. The G6PT-KO mouse mimics the human disease but is very fragile and rarely survives weaning. We generated a conditional G6PT-deficient mouse as an alternative model for studying the long-term pathophysiology of the disease. We utilized this conditional mouse to develop an inducible G6PT-KO model to allow temporally regulated G6PT deletion by the administration of tamoxifen (TM). Methods: We generated a conditional G6PT-deficient mouse utilizing the CRElox strategy. Histology, histochemistry, and phenotype analyses were performed at different times after TM-induced G6PT inactivation. Neutrophils and monocytes were isolated and analyzed for functional activity with standard techniques. Results: The G6PT-inducible KO mice display the expected disturbances of G6P metabolism and myeloid dysfunctions of the human disorder, even though with a milder intensity. Conclusions: TM-induced inactivation of G6PT in these mice leads to a phenotype which mimics that of human GSD1b patients. The conditional mice we have generated represent an excellent tool to study the tissue-specific role of the G6PT gene and the mechanism of long-term complications in GSD1b.
|Titolo:||Development and characterization of an inducible mouse model for glycogen storage disease type Ib|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|