Background: In 2014, an estimated 1.8 million people died from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB); moreover, 680,000 people developed multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB). Methods: Currently available anti-MDR and XDR regimens are long-lasting and expensive, need high adherence and are undermined by a high frequency of adverse drug events, thus leading to a low success rate; furthermore, in the last 50 years only two new molecules, bedaquiline (BDQ) and delamanid, have been approved and released for the treatment of MDR-TB. Results: BDQ, patent number US 7,498,343B2, is a diarylquinoline anti-mycobacterial drug, active regardless of the state of MTB; in fact, its efficacy is conserved against replicating and non-replicating bacilli, despite extracellular or intracellular location. BDQ has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) only for combination treatment of pulmonary multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), in adult patients, when an effective treatment cannot be provided otherwise due to resistance or poor tolerability; however, due to high bactericidal activity, BDQ may be used in future to treat extrapulmonary tuberculosis and Mycobacterium other than tuberculosis (MOTT) infection. Conclusion: BDQ may play a major role to get closer to TB eradication and to ensure higher retention in care, even in fully susceptible MTB strains and against non-replicating mycobacteria in latent-TB, providing an alternative to standard regimen.

Bedaquiline: A new hope for shorter and better anti-tuberculosis regimens

Riccardi N.;Del Puente F.;Magne F.;Taramasso L.;Di Biagio A.
2018

Abstract

Background: In 2014, an estimated 1.8 million people died from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB); moreover, 680,000 people developed multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB). Methods: Currently available anti-MDR and XDR regimens are long-lasting and expensive, need high adherence and are undermined by a high frequency of adverse drug events, thus leading to a low success rate; furthermore, in the last 50 years only two new molecules, bedaquiline (BDQ) and delamanid, have been approved and released for the treatment of MDR-TB. Results: BDQ, patent number US 7,498,343B2, is a diarylquinoline anti-mycobacterial drug, active regardless of the state of MTB; in fact, its efficacy is conserved against replicating and non-replicating bacilli, despite extracellular or intracellular location. BDQ has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) only for combination treatment of pulmonary multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), in adult patients, when an effective treatment cannot be provided otherwise due to resistance or poor tolerability; however, due to high bactericidal activity, BDQ may be used in future to treat extrapulmonary tuberculosis and Mycobacterium other than tuberculosis (MOTT) infection. Conclusion: BDQ may play a major role to get closer to TB eradication and to ensure higher retention in care, even in fully susceptible MTB strains and against non-replicating mycobacteria in latent-TB, providing an alternative to standard regimen.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/954312
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