In the last years, imaging has played a key role in the diagnosis and monitoring and critical illness, including acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Chest X-ray (CXR) and computed tomography (CT) are the conventional techniques most performed in the critically ill patients, the latter being the gold standard to assess lung aeration in ARDS patients. In addition, two bedside techniques are now gaining popularity alongside the conventional ones: lung ultrasound (LUS) and electrical impedance tomography (EIT). These techniques do not involve the use of ionizing radiations, are non-invasive and relatively easy to use, and are under extensive investigation as a complement, and for some application a substitution of conventional techniques. At last, positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can provide functional information on the lung and respiratory function, and are increasingly used in research to improve the understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying ARDS. The purpose of this review is to give an up-to-date overview of the conventional and emerging imaging techniques available the diagnosis and management of patients with ARDS.
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|Titolo:||Lung imaging: How to get better look inside the lung|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|