For mass fabrication of highly-efficient photovoltaic modules based on Cu(In,Ga)Se 2 (CIGSe) absorber layers the availability and cost of the critical raw materials In and Ga present a potential bottleneck. The micro-concentrator solar cell concept provides a solution by using micro lenses to concentrate incoming sun light on an array of micro-sized CIGSe solar cells. The challenge is to fabricate CIGSe micro islands in exactly the desired positions using only the required material. Here, we analyze the area-selective electrodeposition of CuInSe 2 into holes in an insulating SiO 2 template layer as a material-efficient fabrication approach. We observe that the deposition process shows a strong dependence on the hole size, with a faster deposition around the hole perimeter. Based on a model developed for electrochemical reactions at ultra-micro electrodes, we develop numerical simulations for the electrochemical deposition process. The simulations consider the changing micro-electrode geometry throughout the deposition process, and provide a reasonable fit to the experimental data. Finally, it is shown that CuInSe 2 micro solar cells fabricated by electrodeposition reach efficiencies of 4.8% under 1 sun, providing a proof-of-concept demonstration meriting further development.
|Titolo:||Area-selective electrodeposition of micro islands for CuInSe 2 -based photovoltaics|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|
File in questo prodotto:
|Area-selective electrodeposition of micro islands for CuInSe2-based photovoltaics.pdf||Documento in versione editoriale||Open Access Visualizza/Apri|