BACKGROUND: Growing evidence indicates tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMPs) as potential players in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but, no prospective data are available in IBD remission/relapse. MATERIAL & METHODS: In this prospective pilot study, a cohort of IBD patients (n=32) was enrolled and treated with monoclonal anti-TNF-α antibodies. Patients were clinically followed up for a median period of 54 weeks. Serum circulating levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), TIMP-1 and -2, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 and -8, myeloperoxidase (MPO) and neutrophil elastase (NE) were assessed by ELISA at enrollment and at the end of the treatment. RESULTS: The percentage (%) TIMP-2 reduction from baseline to end of treatment was independently associated with IBD remission at the end of treatment and follow-up as well. ROC curve analysis further confirmed the good prognostic accuracy of % TIMP-2 reduction over the treatment period. Conversely, no other change in inflammatory molecule concentrations was able to predict short- or long-term IBD remission. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates TIMP-2 reduction during IBD treatment with monoclonal anti-TNF-α antibodies as a potential prognostic parameter of short and long term remission. To understand if TIMP-2 is an innocent biomarker or an active pathophysiological factor in IBD remains to be clarified.

Reduction in TIMP-2 serum levels predicts remission of inflammatory bowel diseases

Carbone, Federico;Bodini, Giorgia;Brunacci, Matteo;Bonaventura, Aldo;Vecchiè, Alessandra;Liberale, Luca;CRESPI, MATTIA;Baldissarro, Isabella;Dallegri, Franco;Savarino, Vincenzo;Montecucco, Fabrizio;Giannini, Edoardo G
2018

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Growing evidence indicates tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMPs) as potential players in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but, no prospective data are available in IBD remission/relapse. MATERIAL & METHODS: In this prospective pilot study, a cohort of IBD patients (n=32) was enrolled and treated with monoclonal anti-TNF-α antibodies. Patients were clinically followed up for a median period of 54 weeks. Serum circulating levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), TIMP-1 and -2, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 and -8, myeloperoxidase (MPO) and neutrophil elastase (NE) were assessed by ELISA at enrollment and at the end of the treatment. RESULTS: The percentage (%) TIMP-2 reduction from baseline to end of treatment was independently associated with IBD remission at the end of treatment and follow-up as well. ROC curve analysis further confirmed the good prognostic accuracy of % TIMP-2 reduction over the treatment period. Conversely, no other change in inflammatory molecule concentrations was able to predict short- or long-term IBD remission. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates TIMP-2 reduction during IBD treatment with monoclonal anti-TNF-α antibodies as a potential prognostic parameter of short and long term remission. To understand if TIMP-2 is an innocent biomarker or an active pathophysiological factor in IBD remains to be clarified.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/927688
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