The increasing penetration of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) and, more in general, of converter connected power generation is progressively reducing the overall inertia of the electricity system introducing new challenges in the network Frequency Support (FS). Therefore, FS strategies for RES are becoming an important aspect to be developed in order to ensure the secure operation of the electricity power grid. The aim of the present article is to propose an innovative approach for the inertial emulation of Wind Turbine Generators (WTGs) in order to ensure a positive effect on the system frequency avoiding unstable operations of the WTG and reducing the negative impact of the rotor speed recovery on the secondary frequency drop. Moreover, the paper provides a detailed definition of the triggering logics adopted to activate and deactivate the FS making it suitable for implementation in available industrial controllers. The proposed controller is firstly tested on a simplified configuration to show its enhanced performances with respect to previously developed approaches. Then, simulations are carried out in a more realistic network to assess the positive impact of the controller on the system frequency. Results highlighted a 40% reduction of the system Rate of Change of Frequency while the frequency deviation at the transient nadir is improved by 35%.

Design and Implementation of a Variable Synthetic Inertia Controller for Wind Turbine Generators

Bonfiglio A;Invernizzi M.;Labella A.;Procopio R.
2018

Abstract

The increasing penetration of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) and, more in general, of converter connected power generation is progressively reducing the overall inertia of the electricity system introducing new challenges in the network Frequency Support (FS). Therefore, FS strategies for RES are becoming an important aspect to be developed in order to ensure the secure operation of the electricity power grid. The aim of the present article is to propose an innovative approach for the inertial emulation of Wind Turbine Generators (WTGs) in order to ensure a positive effect on the system frequency avoiding unstable operations of the WTG and reducing the negative impact of the rotor speed recovery on the secondary frequency drop. Moreover, the paper provides a detailed definition of the triggering logics adopted to activate and deactivate the FS making it suitable for implementation in available industrial controllers. The proposed controller is firstly tested on a simplified configuration to show its enhanced performances with respect to previously developed approaches. Then, simulations are carried out in a more realistic network to assess the positive impact of the controller on the system frequency. Results highlighted a 40% reduction of the system Rate of Change of Frequency while the frequency deviation at the transient nadir is improved by 35%.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/920705
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