Purpose: To examine differences in effects according to growth hormone (GH) treatment duration in adult GH-deficient patients. Methods: In the Italian cohort of the observational Hypopituitary Control and Complications Study, GH-treated adults with GH deficiency (GHD) were grouped by duration of treatment; ≤ 2 years (n = 451), > 2 to ≤ 6 years (n = 387) and > 6 years (n = 395). Between-group differences in demographics, medical history, physical characteristics, insulin-like growth factor-I standard deviation score (IGF-I SDS) and lipid profile at baseline, last study visit and changes from baseline to last study visit were assessed overall, for adult- and childhood-onset GHD and by gender using ANOVA for continuous variables and Chi-squared test for categorical variables. Results: At baseline, treatment duration groups did not differ significantly for age, gender, body mass index, GHD onset, IGF-I SDS, lipid profile, and quality of life. Mean initial GH dose did not differ significantly according to treatment duration group in any subgroup, except female patients, with highest mean dose seen in the longest duration group. In the longest duration group for patients overall, adult-onset patients and male patients, there were significant decreases in GH dose from baseline to last visit, and in total and low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol concentrations. IGF-I SDS increased, to a greater extent, in the longest duration group for patients overall and female patients. Conclusions: The results show that long-term GH treatment is associated with decreasing GH dose, increased IGF-I, decreased LDL-cholesterol and the presence of surrogate markers that help to give confidence in a diagnosis of GHD.
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|Titolo:||Analysis of characteristics and outcomes by growth hormone treatment duration in adult patients in the Italian cohort of the Hypopituitary Control and Complications Study (HypoCCS)|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|