Background: Absolute nailfold capillary number should be a putative biomarker in selected rheumatic diseases but could be time-consuming and not highly repeatable. Objective: To validate an automated software for absolute nailfold capillary number and density evaluation, on NVC images in SSc. Methods: An automated software to count nailfold capillary number (AUTOCAPI) had been constructed, through an exploratory image set. Subsequently, application rules have been created to define the ROI in NVC images, through a training images set. The software reliability was assessed through calculation of the ICC between automatic and manual counting, by four independent observers, on the same NVC images. Results: The following ICC's were obtained per observer, for the patients with SSc (40 images), the healthy (20 images), and the PRP subgroups (20 images), respectively: 0.94, 0.81, and 0.62 (observer 1); 0.94, 0.91, and 0.67 (observer 2); 0.88, 0.56, and 0.64 (observer 3); and 0.88, 0.85, and 0.85 (observer 4). Conclusions: The validation of an automated software for measuring absolute nailfold capillary number and density in SSc was achieved. The integration into the pre-existing imaging software should make the assessment of the capillary number in NVC easier, quicker, and standardized.

Automated assessment of absolute nailfold capillary number on videocapillaroscopic images: Proof of principle and validation in systemic sclerosis

Cutolo M;Trombetta AC;Pizzorni C;Sulli A;Ruaro B;Paolino S;
2018

Abstract

Background: Absolute nailfold capillary number should be a putative biomarker in selected rheumatic diseases but could be time-consuming and not highly repeatable. Objective: To validate an automated software for absolute nailfold capillary number and density evaluation, on NVC images in SSc. Methods: An automated software to count nailfold capillary number (AUTOCAPI) had been constructed, through an exploratory image set. Subsequently, application rules have been created to define the ROI in NVC images, through a training images set. The software reliability was assessed through calculation of the ICC between automatic and manual counting, by four independent observers, on the same NVC images. Results: The following ICC's were obtained per observer, for the patients with SSc (40 images), the healthy (20 images), and the PRP subgroups (20 images), respectively: 0.94, 0.81, and 0.62 (observer 1); 0.94, 0.91, and 0.67 (observer 2); 0.88, 0.56, and 0.64 (observer 3); and 0.88, 0.85, and 0.85 (observer 4). Conclusions: The validation of an automated software for measuring absolute nailfold capillary number and density in SSc was achieved. The integration into the pre-existing imaging software should make the assessment of the capillary number in NVC easier, quicker, and standardized.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/914900
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