Islanded microgrids are assuming a key role for the support in the distribution grid's management, which is more and more difficult due to the massive increase of distributed generation and energy production plants from renewable resources. In this paper, a new architecture for the optimal control of tertiary and secondary levels in small-size islanded microgrids is proposed. Specifically, at each optimization step, by using a receding horizon approach, the tertiary control provides the optimal power schedule for the microgrid on the basis of economic and environmental criteria. Then, the secondary control, to provide set points for primary control, uses another objective function that minimizes the quadratic deviation from the reference values provided by the tertiary level and the desired frequency for good performances. The approach is applied to a real case study (a portion of the Savona Campus Smart Polygeneration Microgrid) characterized by a diesel engine connected to a synchronous generator, a photovoltaic plant, and an electrical storage system.
|Titolo:||An architecture for the optimal control of tertiary and secondary levels in small-size islanded microgrids|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|