As endocrine organ, adipose tissue may modulate inflammatory response by releasing a wide range of mediators, known as adipocytokines. Due to the complex balance between pro- and anti-inflammatory activity their pathophysiological and prognostic role in cardiovascular (CV) diseases still remains debated. Here, we consider the potential associations of circulating adipocytokines adiponectin, leptin and their ratio (LAR), with metabolic and inflammatory profiles in 217 patients with severe carotid stenosis. A prospective analysis investigating their predictive role toward acute coronary syndromes (ACS) was also drawn over a 12-month follow-up period. Serum leptin was positively associated with fasting insulinemia and HOMA-IR, but not with lipid profile and inflammation. Conversely, adiponectin was negatively associated with glucose, insulin, HOMA-IR, triglycerides and both systemic and intraplaque inflammatory markers whereas a positive association with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) was observed. Accordingly, a significant association with metabolic profile was reported for LAR. According to the cut-off point identified by ROC curve, adiponectin values≤2.56μg/mL were correlated with a higher risk of ACS occurrence at 12months' follow-up (p-value for Log Rank test=0.0003). At Cox regression analysis the predictive ability of low serum adiponectin was confirmed also after adjustment for age, male gender and diabetes. In conclusion, adiponectin may be considered a biomarker of metabolic compensation, inversely associated with chronic low-grade inflammation. Circulating adiponectin is also associated with lower risk of adverse CV events in patients with severe carotid stenosis.

Serum adiponectin levels predict acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in patients with severe carotid stenosis

Liberale, Luca;Carbone, Federico;Bertolotto, Maria;Bonaventura, Aldo;Vecchié, Alessandra;Pende, Aldo;Spinella, Giovanni;Pane, Bianca;Palombo, Domenico;Dallegri, Franco;Montecucco, Fabrizio
2018

Abstract

As endocrine organ, adipose tissue may modulate inflammatory response by releasing a wide range of mediators, known as adipocytokines. Due to the complex balance between pro- and anti-inflammatory activity their pathophysiological and prognostic role in cardiovascular (CV) diseases still remains debated. Here, we consider the potential associations of circulating adipocytokines adiponectin, leptin and their ratio (LAR), with metabolic and inflammatory profiles in 217 patients with severe carotid stenosis. A prospective analysis investigating their predictive role toward acute coronary syndromes (ACS) was also drawn over a 12-month follow-up period. Serum leptin was positively associated with fasting insulinemia and HOMA-IR, but not with lipid profile and inflammation. Conversely, adiponectin was negatively associated with glucose, insulin, HOMA-IR, triglycerides and both systemic and intraplaque inflammatory markers whereas a positive association with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) was observed. Accordingly, a significant association with metabolic profile was reported for LAR. According to the cut-off point identified by ROC curve, adiponectin values≤2.56μg/mL were correlated with a higher risk of ACS occurrence at 12months' follow-up (p-value for Log Rank test=0.0003). At Cox regression analysis the predictive ability of low serum adiponectin was confirmed also after adjustment for age, male gender and diabetes. In conclusion, adiponectin may be considered a biomarker of metabolic compensation, inversely associated with chronic low-grade inflammation. Circulating adiponectin is also associated with lower risk of adverse CV events in patients with severe carotid stenosis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/895593
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