The striatal-enriched protein tyrosine phosphatase (STEP) is a brain-specific phosphatase involved in synaptic transmission. The current hypothesis on STEP function holds that it opposes synaptic strengthening by dephosphorylating and inactivating key neuronal proteins involved in synaptic plasticity and intracellular signaling, such as the MAP kinases ERK1/2 and p38, as well as the tyrosine kinase Fyn. Although STEP has a predominant role at the post-synaptic level, it is also expressed in nerve terminals. To better investigate its physiological role at the presynaptic level, we functionally investigated brain synaptosomes and autaptic hippocampal neurons from STEP knockout (KO) mice. Synaptosomes purified from mutant mice were characterized by an increased basal and evoked glutamate release compared with wild-type animals. Under resting conditions, STEP KO synaptosomes displayed increased cytosolic Ca2+ levels accompanied by an enhanced basal activity of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase type II (CaMKII) and hyperphosphorylation of synapsin I at CaMKII sites. Moreover, STEP KO hippocampal neurons exhibit an increase of excitatory synaptic strength attributable to an increased size of the readily releasable pool of synaptic vesicles. These results provide new evidence that STEP plays an important role at nerve terminals in the regulation of Ca2+ homeostasis and neurotransmitter release.
|Titolo:||Altered intracellular calcium homeostasis underlying enhanced glutamatergic transmission in striatal-enriched tyrosine phosphatase (STEP) knockout mice|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|