Introduction: Immediate continence is a goal to take into consideration for better patient satisfaction after radical prostatectomy. Factors predicting urinary continence at catheter removal were investigated. Materials and Methods: We evaluated preoperative, operative, clinical, hormonal and pathological variables in a homogeneous series of radical retropubic prostatectomies (RRPs) following the principles of urinary sphincter restoration technique. Results: The study included 201 patients who underwent RRP. The overall immediate continence rate at catheter removal was 67.7% (136 patients); 28.8% (58 patients) were using one protective pad daily and 3.5% (7 patients) were incontinent. At 6-month follow-up incontinence had reached the lowest level of 2.5% (5 patients) and at 12 months the patients using one pad daily had decreased to 11.9% (24 patients). Multivariate logistic analysis showed that the only two factors independently associated with immediate continence were age <65 years (OR = 2.63, 95% CI 1.13-5.88, p = 0.02) and potency (OR = 3.6, 95% CI 1.2-10.7, p = 0.01) adjusting for D'Amico risk group, surgical margins, extracapsular extension, clinical stage, PSA, testosterone, LH and FSH. No significant association was noted for PSA, hormonal levels, hospital stay, prostate size, clinical stage, risk group, TNM stage, pathological Gleason score or extracapsular extension. Conclusions: In our series age <65 years was associated with immediate continence after RRP. Moreover, patients who were immediately continent had a 3.6-fold probability to be potent within 12 months.
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