Background: Obesity is an independent adverse prognostic factor in early breast cancer patients, but it is still controversial whether obesity may affect adjuvant endocrine therapy efficacy. The aim of our study (ancillary to the two clinical trials Gruppo Italiano Mammella (GIM) 4 and GIM5) was to investigate whether the circulating oestrogen levels during treatment with the aromatase inhibitor letrozole are related to body mass index (BMI) in postmenopausal women with breast cancer. Methods: Plasma concentration of oestrone sulphate (ES) was evaluated by radioimmunoassay in 370 patients. Plasma samples were obtained after at least 6 weeks of letrozole therapy (steady-state time). Patients were divided into four groups according to BMI. Differences among the geometric means (by ANOVA and ANCOVA) and correlation (by Spearman's rho) between the ES levels and BMI were assessed. Results: Picomolar geometric mean values (95% confidence interval, n = patients) of circulating ES during letrozole were 58.6 (51.0-67.2, n = 150) when BMI was <25.0 kg m(-2); 65.6 (57.8-74.6, n = 154) when 25.0-29.9 kg m(-2); 59.3 (47.1-74.6, n = 50) when 30.0-34.9 kg m(-2); and 43.3 (23.0-81.7, n = 16) when >= 35.0 kg m(-2). No statistically significant difference in terms of ES levels among groups and no correlation with BMI were observed. Conclusions: Body mass index does not seem to affect circulating oestrogen levels in letrozole-treated patients.

Body mass index and circulating oestrone sulphate in women treated with adjuvant letrozole

Giraudi S;Del Mastro L
2014

Abstract

Background: Obesity is an independent adverse prognostic factor in early breast cancer patients, but it is still controversial whether obesity may affect adjuvant endocrine therapy efficacy. The aim of our study (ancillary to the two clinical trials Gruppo Italiano Mammella (GIM) 4 and GIM5) was to investigate whether the circulating oestrogen levels during treatment with the aromatase inhibitor letrozole are related to body mass index (BMI) in postmenopausal women with breast cancer. Methods: Plasma concentration of oestrone sulphate (ES) was evaluated by radioimmunoassay in 370 patients. Plasma samples were obtained after at least 6 weeks of letrozole therapy (steady-state time). Patients were divided into four groups according to BMI. Differences among the geometric means (by ANOVA and ANCOVA) and correlation (by Spearman's rho) between the ES levels and BMI were assessed. Results: Picomolar geometric mean values (95% confidence interval, n = patients) of circulating ES during letrozole were 58.6 (51.0-67.2, n = 150) when BMI was <25.0 kg m(-2); 65.6 (57.8-74.6, n = 154) when 25.0-29.9 kg m(-2); 59.3 (47.1-74.6, n = 50) when 30.0-34.9 kg m(-2); and 43.3 (23.0-81.7, n = 16) when >= 35.0 kg m(-2). No statistically significant difference in terms of ES levels among groups and no correlation with BMI were observed. Conclusions: Body mass index does not seem to affect circulating oestrogen levels in letrozole-treated patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/890255
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