Pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine derivatives 1–5, active as c-Src inhibitors, have been selected to be formulated as drug-loaded human serum albumin (HSA) nanoparticles, with the aim of improving their solubility and pharmacokinetic properties. The present study includes the optimization of a desolvation method-based procedure for preparing HSA nanoparticles. First, characterization by HPLC-MS and Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) showed a good entrapment efficacy, a controllable particle size (between 100 and 200 nm) and an optimal stability over time, confirmed by an in vitro drug release assay. Then, 1–4 and the corresponding NPs were tested for their antiproliferative activity against neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell line. Notably, 3-NPs and 4-NPs were identified as the most promising formulation showing a profitable balance of stability, small size and a similar activity compared to the free drugs in cell-based assays. In addition, albumin formulations increase the solubility of pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine avoiding the use of DMSO as solubilizing agent.

Pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidines-loaded human serum albumin (HSA) nanoparticles: Preparation, characterization and cytotoxicity evaluation against neuroblastoma cell line

Schenone, Silvia
2017

Abstract

Pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine derivatives 1–5, active as c-Src inhibitors, have been selected to be formulated as drug-loaded human serum albumin (HSA) nanoparticles, with the aim of improving their solubility and pharmacokinetic properties. The present study includes the optimization of a desolvation method-based procedure for preparing HSA nanoparticles. First, characterization by HPLC-MS and Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) showed a good entrapment efficacy, a controllable particle size (between 100 and 200 nm) and an optimal stability over time, confirmed by an in vitro drug release assay. Then, 1–4 and the corresponding NPs were tested for their antiproliferative activity against neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell line. Notably, 3-NPs and 4-NPs were identified as the most promising formulation showing a profitable balance of stability, small size and a similar activity compared to the free drugs in cell-based assays. In addition, albumin formulations increase the solubility of pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine avoiding the use of DMSO as solubilizing agent.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/886522
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