Immune-mediated sensorineural hearing loss may complicate systemic autoimmune diseases. We have previously reported the presence of antibodies directed against inner ear antigens in patients with Cogan syndrome, a disease characterized by sudden hearing loss and interstitial keratitis. Such autoantibodies cross-react with an epitope of SSA/Ro60 protein. Anti-Ro/SSA antibodies in pregnant women cross the placenta and reach the fetal tissues inducing an immune-mediated damage of the cardiac conduction system. We wanted to evaluate whether mothers with anti-Ro/SSA antibodies who gave birth to children with congenital heart block have antibodies directed against inner ear antigens and whether these antibodies are connected with the presence of immune-mediated sensorineural hearing loss. We did not find anti-inner ear antibodies in the majority of the mothers. On the contrary a 13-year-old boy with congenital heart block and sensorineural hearing loss was positive for the presence of anti-inner ear antigens antibodies. Moreover his serum was positive for the presence of anti-Ro60 peptide antibodies but did not recognize the entire protein Ro60 (TROVE2), a behaviour similar to that of sera from patients with Cogan syndrome. In conclusion the data obtained so far show that anti-inner ear antibodies do not recognize the entire protein TROVE2 and do not support the hypothesis that such antibodies may be involved in the pathogenesis of congenital heart block.

Congenital heart block and immune mediated sensorineural hearing loss: Possible cross reactivity of immune response

Puccetti, A.;
2017

Abstract

Immune-mediated sensorineural hearing loss may complicate systemic autoimmune diseases. We have previously reported the presence of antibodies directed against inner ear antigens in patients with Cogan syndrome, a disease characterized by sudden hearing loss and interstitial keratitis. Such autoantibodies cross-react with an epitope of SSA/Ro60 protein. Anti-Ro/SSA antibodies in pregnant women cross the placenta and reach the fetal tissues inducing an immune-mediated damage of the cardiac conduction system. We wanted to evaluate whether mothers with anti-Ro/SSA antibodies who gave birth to children with congenital heart block have antibodies directed against inner ear antigens and whether these antibodies are connected with the presence of immune-mediated sensorineural hearing loss. We did not find anti-inner ear antibodies in the majority of the mothers. On the contrary a 13-year-old boy with congenital heart block and sensorineural hearing loss was positive for the presence of anti-inner ear antigens antibodies. Moreover his serum was positive for the presence of anti-Ro60 peptide antibodies but did not recognize the entire protein Ro60 (TROVE2), a behaviour similar to that of sera from patients with Cogan syndrome. In conclusion the data obtained so far show that anti-inner ear antibodies do not recognize the entire protein TROVE2 and do not support the hypothesis that such antibodies may be involved in the pathogenesis of congenital heart block.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/882942
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