V gamma 9V delta 2 T cells have a natural inclination to recognize malignant B cells in vitro via receptors for stress-induced self-ligands and TCR-dependent recognition of phosphoantigens (pAgs) generated in the mevalonate (Mev) pathway. This inclination is continuously challenged in vivo by the immune suppression operated by tumor cells. Multiple myeloma (MM) is a prototypic B-cell malignancy in which myeloma cells subvert the local microenvironment to reshape antitumor immune responses. In this study, we have investigated the immune competence of bone marrow (BM) V gamma 9V delta 2 T cells in a large series of MM patients. We have found that the BM microenvironment significantly hampers the pAg-reactivity of BM V gamma 9V delta 2 T cells, which become largely PD-1<sup>+</sup> and are surrounded by PD-L1<sup>+</sup> myeloma cells and increased numbers of PD-L1<sup>+</sup> myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC). Vγ9Vδ2 T-cell dysfunction is an early event that can be already detected in individuals with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) and not fully reverted even when MM patients achieve clinical remission. Anti-PD-1 treatment increases the cytotoxic potential of V gamma 9V delta T cells by almost 5-fold after pAg stimulation, and appears to be a promising strategy for effective immune interventions in MM.

Anergic bone marrow V gamma 9V delta 2 Tcells as early and long-lasting markers of PD-1-targetable microenvironment-induced immune suppression in human myeloma

FERRACINI, RICCARDO;
2015-01-01

Abstract

V gamma 9V delta 2 T cells have a natural inclination to recognize malignant B cells in vitro via receptors for stress-induced self-ligands and TCR-dependent recognition of phosphoantigens (pAgs) generated in the mevalonate (Mev) pathway. This inclination is continuously challenged in vivo by the immune suppression operated by tumor cells. Multiple myeloma (MM) is a prototypic B-cell malignancy in which myeloma cells subvert the local microenvironment to reshape antitumor immune responses. In this study, we have investigated the immune competence of bone marrow (BM) V gamma 9V delta 2 T cells in a large series of MM patients. We have found that the BM microenvironment significantly hampers the pAg-reactivity of BM V gamma 9V delta 2 T cells, which become largely PD-1+ and are surrounded by PD-L1+ myeloma cells and increased numbers of PD-L1+ myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC). Vγ9Vδ2 T-cell dysfunction is an early event that can be already detected in individuals with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) and not fully reverted even when MM patients achieve clinical remission. Anti-PD-1 treatment increases the cytotoxic potential of V gamma 9V delta T cells by almost 5-fold after pAg stimulation, and appears to be a promising strategy for effective immune interventions in MM.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/877179
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